#1. On a road with lanes separated by white lines:
White lane lines separate lanes of traffic moving in the same direction. Single white lines may also mark the right edge of the pavement.
#2. You may continue through an intersection against a yellow light if:
A steady yellow traffic light means caution, the traffic light is about to change to red. Remember, you must stop if it is safe to do so. If you are in the intersection when the yellow light comes on, do not stop but continue through the intersection.
#3. Using safety belts:
Buckling up correctly is the single most effective thing you can do to protect yourself in a crash. Being correctly buckled helps keep you secure in the vehicle –
#4. Drivers entering a roundabout:
Approaching vehicles must always yield to pedestrians and bicyclists that are crossing the road. Vehicles must also yield to the traffic in the circle.
#5. Road signs with blue background show:
The shape and color of road signs show the type of information they provide. Service signs are square or rectangular shaped and are blue with white letters or symbols. They show the location of various services such as rest areas, gas stations, or hospitals.
#6. In Washington State, headlights are required:
Turn on your headlights when it begins to get dark. Even if you turn them on a little early, you will help other drivers see you. By law, they must be on from a half hour after sunset to a half hour before sunrise.
#7. Unbalanced tires and low pressure:
Unbalanced tires and low pressure cause faster tire wear, reduce fuel economy, and make the vehicle harder to steer and stop.
#8. If the engine dies while you are driving:
If the engine stalls while you are driving:
- Keep a strong grip on the steering wheel. Be aware that the steering wheel may be difficult to turn, but you can turn it with more effort.
- Pull off the roadway. The brakes will still work but you may have to push very hard on the brake pedal.
#9. You can park your car:
Parking five inches from a sidewalk is allowed.
Do not park on a bridge, in front of a public or private driveway, or on a crosswalk.
#10. You are driving in the left-hand lane and approach this sign. What should you do?
Left lane ends, merge right.
#11. What does this sign mean?
Hospital is a word message sign or an H symbol sign. General service signs like this are accompanied with a directional message if used at intersections.
#12. A four-second rule is used for:
Under normal conditions, a three- to four-second following distance is required. When speeds are increased, or during adverse driving conditions, increase your following distance up to six seconds or more if necessary. Remember, using a four-second following distance does not mean that you are able to stop within four seconds.
Maintaining a following time of four seconds or more improves your line of sight, allows more time to avoid hazards or risks, and gives an idea of path of travel problems that may arise from other vehicles, weather conditions, or unforeseen emergencies or situations.
#13. In cold, wet weather the roadways on bridges and overpasses:
Overpasses and other types of bridges can have icy spots. The pavement on bridges can be icy even when other part of the road is not. This is because bridges do not have earth underneath them to help insulate against the cold.
#14. After stopping and yielding, a left turn on a red light is:
You may turn left onto a one-way street with traffic moving left after coming to a full stop if there is no sign prohibiting turns on a red light. Be careful of pedestrians crossing in front of your vehicle.
#15. When you park on a hill headed uphill and there is a curb, you should turn your front wheels:
Headed uphill, turn your front wheels away from the curb and let your vehicle roll back a few inches.
#16. If your car is equipped with an airbag on the passenger side, you should always:
Children under 13 years old are to be transported in the back seat where it is practical to do so.
#17. You are driving on a road with few streetlights on a clear night. If you cannot see well with your low-beam headlights, which of these actions would help?
Use your high beams whenever there are no oncoming vehicles. High beams let you see twice as far as low beams. It is important to use high beams on unfamiliar roads, in construction areas, or where there may be people along the side of the road.
#18. If red lights are flashing at a railroad crossing you must:
at some crossings, along with the crossbuck sign, you will see side-by-side red lights that will flash alternately when a train is approaching. When the lights are flashing, you must stop. At some crossings there is also a crossing gate that will lower when a train is coming. Do not drive around the gate. Some crossings also have a bell or a horn that will sound. Do not cross until the bell or horn has stopped. You must also stop if a train is approaching. Never try to beat a train across the tracks. Some crossings may have a stop sign or a flagger.
#19. If you see an accident ahead and need to slow down when others may not expect it, how can you warn drivers behind you?
If you are going to stop or slow down at a place where another driver does not expect it, tap your brake pedal three or four times quickly to let those behind you know you are about to slow down.
#20. If you are involved in a crash, you must always:
If you are involved in a collision, you must stop your vehicle at or near the collision site. Remember, it is a crime for you to leave a collision site where your vehicle was involved if there is an injury or death before police have talked to you and obtained the information they need.
Do not move the injured unless they are in a burning vehicle or in other immediate danger of being hit by traffic. Moving a person can make injuries worse.
A report to Washington Department of Transportation is necessary under certain circumstances and only when a report is not made by a law enforcement officer.
The Washington State Permit Test
Key numbers for your official Washington Department of Licensing (DOL) knowledge examination:
|Correct answers needed:||32|
|Earliest retest if you fail:||Same day (driving schools)|
Washington State Written Test
The written knowledge test in Washington is a multiple-choice test with 40 questions, and you must correctly answer 32 of them to pass the test.
It covers road signs, signals, traffic laws, and safe-driving practices described in the Washington Driver Guide.
You should expect the test to take 15-20 minutes but there is no time limit other than the office closing time. Take enough time to carefully read all questions and answers.
Where Can I Take the Test?
If you are under 18 years, you must enroll in and complete a driver training course to be eligible for a license. Approved driver training schools are authorized to offer the knowledge test at their locations.
You also have the option to take the test at DOL service center, if you are 18 years or older or not enrolled in a driver education class. You must pre-apply (online or at a service center) before you can take a test at the DOL.
Washington DOL does not offer the knowledge test online.
Can I Take the Test in Another Language?
The computerized test is available in a few additional languages, besides English:
Is the Written Test in Washington Hard?
The written knowledge test in Washington is known to be difficult. Almost one out of two test takers fail the exam.
Will Practice Tests Help Me Pass the Exam?
All research and every survey confirm that practice tests help.
To get the most out them, you should, however, use them wisely. A common mistake is to rely solely on practice tests and try to memorize questions and correct answers.
To pass the examination you must also study the Driver Guide. Everything you must learn for the test is described in this guide. You will get a hard copy as part of your driver education class. Otherwise, you can get a copy from any DOL center or download a PDF-version online .
But the rules and best practices in this guide are not only good for your exam, but they will also help you become a better driver. Don’t forget that learning to drive and understanding the rules of the road will help to make traffic and Washington highways safer.
The practice tests work best in combination with the Driver Guide. During each study session you should try to use both.
How Many Times Can I Take the Practice Test?
This practice test pulls random questions from a large database. It makes every set of questions and answers unique.
You can take the practice test as often as you like until you feel comfortable with all facts and ready to take the real examination.
There is no limit and no costs involved.
Why are there Less Questions on the Practice Test?
We have cut the practice tests in half. Each practice test has 20 questions instead of 40.
But don’t worry, all important facts from the driver guide are covered in these questions. By taking a handful of shorter tests, you will still be able to check your readiness for the real exam.
What Happens if I Fail the Test?
If you take your test through an approved school, you can usually take the test a second time the same day. For a third attempt there is a waiting time and a new fee.
When you take your test at a DOL service center, examiners have full discretion in deciding on a waiting time.
FAQ – Learner’s Permit & Driver License
At what age can I apply for a learner’s permit?
With a WDL number, you can enroll in a driver education course if you are at least 15 years.
To get your first instruction permit, you must be at least 15½ years.
What is a WDL number?
All Washington permits, ID cards, and driver licenses have a number that starts with “WDL”. Each number is unique.
You must have a WDL number if you start a driver training course or make an appointment to visit a DOL service office. If you have an ID card, you already have the WDL number, otherwise DOL will assign one to you when you apply for a permit or license (you can do this online).
What is a driver training program?
A driver training program is a course of instruction in traffic safety education approved and licensed by Washington Department of Licensing.
The driver training program must include all of the following:
- A total of 30 hours of classroom instruction, with a maximum of 2 hours per day.
- A minimum of 6 hours of practice driving, with a maximum of 1 hour per day.
- A minimum of 1 hour of behind-the-wheel observation.
Online traffic safety education classes are not approved courses in Washington State.
Who must complete a driver training program?
All drivers under 18 years must complete a driver training program to earn a driver license.
A teen can enroll in driver training when they are 15 years old.
The driver training course is not required if you are 18 years or older.
Which Documents do I need to apply for a WA license or learner’s permit?
As a first-time applicant you must provide proof of:
- Identity and date of birth
- Citizenship or legal presence
You must also provide your Social Security number if you have one.
If you are under 18 years, you must also have a parent sign the parental authorization form or an affidavit form.
For a list of acceptable documents, visit dol.wa.gov .
What are the restrictions on Washington instruction permit?
You must always be accompanied by a licensed driver in the front passenger seat. The supervising driver must have at least 5 years of driving experience.
You cannot use a cell phone while driving unless it is used to call 911.
All passengers must wear seat belts, regardless of seating position or age.
Under no circumstances can you drive on your own when you hold a learner’s permit.
How long must I hold a Washington instruction permit?
You must hold the instruction permit for at least six months before you can apply for a driver’s license.
How many hours of driving practice is necessary to get a license?
To earn your Washington driver license, you must complete at least 40 hours of daylight and 10 hours of night driving (a total of 50 hours).