#1. Before you start to drive, you should:
You should always check and adjust your seat and mirrors before you start to drive. You should have clear vision in all directions, all controls should be within reach, and at least one-third of the steering wheel should be between your hands. Head restraints should be adjusted so the head restraint contacts the back of your head.
Always fasten your seat belt and make sure all passengers are correctly using seat belts, child safety restraints, or booster seats. Also remember to lock the doors. Locking reduces the risk of doors opening during a sudden swerve, braking, or crash.
#2. The center lane on this road is used for:
Two-way left turn lanes are shared center lanes marked on each side by a solid yellow and dashed yellow lines. They are reserved for vehicles making left turns in either direction from or into the roadway (or U turns when they are permitted). These lanes cannot be used for passing and cannot be used for travel further than 300 feet.
#3. When you drive through a construction zone, you should:
Watch for warning signs, flaggers, and traffic. Motorists must yield to any highway construction personnel, vehicles with flashing yellow lights, or equipment inside a highway construction or maintenance work zone.
#4. The blood alcohol concentration (BAC) level at which it is illegal for any person 21 years or older to drive is:
The DUI limits are .08 or higher for adults (21 and over) and .02 or higher for minors (under 21).
Remember, that you can also be arrested for driving under the influence (DUI) with BAC levels lower than these if you are driving impaired due to alcohol or drugs.
#5. Which is true about large trucks?
Generally speaking, the bigger trucks are the more room they need to maneuver.
#6. When driving in fog, you should:
In fog, use your low beam headlights to reduce glare. Light from high beams will reflect back, causing glare and making it more difficult to see ahead.
#7. If you have a tire blowout while driving, you should:
If a tire suddenly goes flat:
- Hold the steering wheel tightly and keep the vehicle going straight.
- Slow down gradually. Take your foot off the gas pedal and use the brakes lightly.
- Don’t stop on the road if at all possible. Pull off the road in a safe place.
#8. It is a good idea to give your horn a light tap when:
If there is no immediate danger, a light tap on the horn should be all you need. Give your horn a light tap:
- when a person on foot or on a bike appears to be moving into your lane of travel.
- when you are passing a driver who starts to turn into your lane.
- when a driver is not paying attention or may have trouble seeing you.
- when coming to a place where you cannot see what is ahead, like a steep hill, a sharp curve, or exiting a narrow alley.
#9. What does this sign mean?
Divided highway ahead (divided highway begins). Two-way traffic will be divided by a center strip ahead. Each roadway is one-way. Stay to the right.
#10. You are a resident in Washington state if you:
You are a resident if you do any of the following:
- Register to vote in this state.
- Receive payments, financial aid, or other public welfare benefits from the state or a local government.
- Get any state license at the resident rate.
- Pay in-state tuition fees as a student.
- Intend to live in this state for more than six months in any one year.
#11. When you want to merge with other traffic, you need a gap of about:
Anytime you want to merge with other traffic, you need a gap of about four seconds. If you move into the middle of a four-second gap, both you and the vehicle behind you have a two-second following distance. You need a four-second gap whenever you change lanes, enter a roadway, or when your lane merges with another travel lane.
#12. What does this sign mean?
The yield signs means you must slow down and yield the right-of-way to traffic in the intersection you are crossing or roadway you are entering.
#13. What should you do when you approach a railroad crossing?
A white X-shaped sign or crossbuck with the words Railroad Crossing on it is located at railroad crossings. This sign has the same meaning as a Yield sign.
As you approach a railroad crossing, slow down and look up and down the tracks to make sure a train is not coming. You must yield to trains crossing the road.
#14. If you pass this sign, it tells you that:
This sign is a supplement to the Do Not Enter sign. It tells you that you have already entered a one-way road and are driving in the wrong direction.
#15. A four-second rule is used for:
Under normal conditions, a three- to four-second following distance is required. When speeds are increased, or during adverse driving conditions, increase your following distance up to six seconds or more if necessary. Remember, using a four-second following distance does not mean that you are able to stop within four seconds.
Maintaining a following time of four seconds or more improves your line of sight, allows more time to avoid hazards or risks, and gives an idea of path of travel problems that may arise from other vehicles, weather conditions, or unforeseen emergencies or situations.
#16. What should you expect ahead when you see this sign?
Yield ahead. This sign warns of a yield sign ahead. Slow down and be prepared to stop at yield sign.
#17. Because motorcycles are smaller than cars:
Motorcycles are smaller and harder to see than cars. They are easily hidden in a car’s blind spot. It may be hard to judge the distance to motorcycles, or to tell how fast they are moving. Be alert to their presence and be extra cautious. Never move into the same lane alongside a motorcycle, even if the lane is wide and the motorcyclist is riding far to one side.
#18. What do the light gray areas in the picture mark?
When turning or changing lanes, look over your shoulder in the direction you plan to move. Be sure no one is near the rear corners of your vehicle. These areas are called blind spots because you cannot see them through your mirrors. You must turn your head and look to see vehicles in your blind spot.
#19. When turning right, you must:
When turning right, signal your turn at least 100 feet ahead. Yield to pedestrians and crossing bicyclists.
#20. When you see other drivers around you acting or reacting in anger, you should:
When you see other drivers around you acting or reacting in anger, distance yourself from the situation, physically and mentally. Don’t make eye contact. Body movements and gestures can provoke an angry response from another driver. Slow down, move over, or do whatever you safely can, to put yourself out of danger.
The Washington State Permit Test
Key numbers for your official Washington Department of Licensing (DOL) knowledge examination:
|Correct answers needed:||32|
|Earliest retest if you fail:||Same day (driving schools)|
Washington State Written Test
The written knowledge test in Washington is a multiple-choice test with 40 questions, and you must correctly answer 32 of them to pass the test.
It covers road signs, signals, traffic laws, and safe-driving practices described in the Washington Driver Guide.
You should expect the test to take 15-20 minutes but there is no time limit other than the office closing time. Take enough time to carefully read all questions and answers.
Where Can I Take the Test?
If you are under 18 years, you must enroll in and complete a driver training course to be eligible for a license. Approved driver training schools are authorized to offer the knowledge test at their locations.
You also have the option to take the test at DOL service center, if you are 18 years or older or not enrolled in a driver education class. You must pre-apply (online or at a service center) before you can take a test at the DOL.
Washington DOL does not offer the knowledge test online.
Can I Take the Test in Another Language?
The computerized test is available in a few additional languages, besides English:
Is the Written Test in Washington Hard?
The written knowledge test in Washington is known to be difficult. Almost one out of two test takers fail the exam.
Will Practice Tests Help Me Pass the Exam?
All research and every survey confirm that practice tests help.
To get the most out them, you should, however, use them wisely. A common mistake is to rely solely on practice tests and try to memorize questions and correct answers.
To pass the examination you must also study the Driver Guide. Everything you must learn for the test is described in this guide. You will get a hard copy as part of your driver education class. Otherwise, you can get a copy from any DOL center or download a PDF-version online .
But the rules and best practices in this guide are not only good for your exam, but they will also help you become a better driver. Don’t forget that learning to drive and understanding the rules of the road will help to make traffic and Washington highways safer.
The practice tests work best in combination with the Driver Guide. During each study session you should try to use both.
How Many Times Can I Take the Practice Test?
This practice test pulls random questions from a large database. It makes every set of questions and answers unique.
You can take the practice test as often as you like until you feel comfortable with all facts and ready to take the real examination.
There is no limit and no costs involved.
Why are there Less Questions on the Practice Test?
We have cut the practice tests in half. Each practice test has 20 questions instead of 40.
But don’t worry, all important facts from the driver guide are covered in these questions. By taking a handful of shorter tests, you will still be able to check your readiness for the real exam.
What Happens if I Fail the Test?
If you take your test through an approved school, you can usually take the test a second time the same day. For a third attempt there is a waiting time and a new fee.
When you take your test at a DOL service center, examiners have full discretion in deciding on a waiting time.
FAQ – Learner’s Permit & Driver License
At what age can I apply for a learner’s permit?
With a WDL number, you can enroll in a driver education course if you are at least 15 years.
To get your first instruction permit, you must be at least 15½ years.
What is a WDL number?
All Washington permits, ID cards, and driver licenses have a number that starts with “WDL”. Each number is unique.
You must have a WDL number if you start a driver training course or make an appointment to visit a DOL service office. If you have an ID card, you already have the WDL number, otherwise DOL will assign one to you when you apply for a permit or license (you can do this online).
What is a driver training program?
A driver training program is a course of instruction in traffic safety education approved and licensed by Washington Department of Licensing.
The driver training program must include all of the following:
- A total of 30 hours of classroom instruction, with a maximum of 2 hours per day.
- A minimum of 6 hours of practice driving, with a maximum of 1 hour per day.
- A minimum of 1 hour of behind-the-wheel observation.
Online traffic safety education classes are not approved courses in Washington State.
Who must complete a driver training program?
All drivers under 18 years must complete a driver training program to earn a driver license.
A teen can enroll in driver training when they are 15 years old.
The driver training course is not required if you are 18 years or older.
Which Documents do I need to apply for a WA license or learner’s permit?
As a first-time applicant you must provide proof of:
- Identity and date of birth
- Citizenship or legal presence
You must also provide your Social Security number if you have one.
If you are under 18 years, you must also have a parent sign the parental authorization form or an affidavit form.
For a list of acceptable documents, visit dol.wa.gov .
What are the restrictions on Washington instruction permit?
You must always be accompanied by a licensed driver in the front passenger seat. The supervising driver must have at least 5 years of driving experience.
You cannot use a cell phone while driving unless it is used to call 911.
All passengers must wear seat belts, regardless of seating position or age.
Under no circumstances can you drive on your own when you hold a learner’s permit.
How long must I hold a Washington instruction permit?
You must hold the instruction permit for at least six months before you can apply for a driver’s license.
How many hours of driving practice is necessary to get a license?
To earn your Washington driver license, you must complete at least 40 hours of daylight and 10 hours of night driving (a total of 50 hours).