Virginia DMV Written Test Practice – 2021 Knowledge Test



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#1. You meet a school bus traveling in the opposite direction on a four-lane roadway with median separation. The bus is stopped on the other side and is displaying alternately flashing red lights. What should you do?

You must stop for stopped school buses with flashing red lights and an extended stop sign when you approach from any direction on a highway, private road, or school driveway. Stop and remain stopped until all persons are clear, and the bus moves again.

You must also stop if the bus is loading or unloading passengers and the signals are not on.

You do not have to stop if you are traveling in the opposite direction on a roadway with a median or barrier dividing the road and the bus is on the opposite side of the median or barrier.


#2. To be convicted of Driving After Illegally Consuming Alcohol, a person under 21 years must have a blood alcohol content (BAC) of:

If under age 21, you can be convicted of illegal consumption of alcohol if your BAC is at least .02 but less than .08. If your BAC is .08 or higher you could be convicted of a DUI.


#3. To back your vehicle safely:

The most common mistake that drivers make when backing up is failing to look both ways behind them. Mirrors do not give you a full view. To see as much as possible, turn your body and head to the right and look out through the rear window. Back up slowly and check for pedestrians and approaching traffic by glancing quickly to either side.


#4. You should adjust your seat and mirrors:

Before driving, adjust your vehicle’s mirrors. Make sure the inside rear-view mirror frames the entire back window. Adjust both side mirrors so you can barely see the sides of your vehicle. Set or adjust the controls on the vehicle and other devices as soon as you get in the car and before you begin driving.


#5. Children from birth to 2 years should be secured:

The safest place to install a child safety seat is in the center of the back seat. Children should ride rear facing from birth to 2 years, or as long as the safety seat manufacturer allows. If the vehicle does not have a back seat, a rear facing child seat may be placed in the front passenger seat if the vehicle is not equipped with a passenger side air bag or if the passenger air bag is turned off. Children should ride facing forward in a child safety seat or booster seat until at least age 8, or until they can attain a proper seat belt fit. (Note that older versions of the manual have slightly different recommendations.)


#6. True or false? When entering an interstate from an entrance ramp, you have the right-of-way.

Drivers entering an interstate from an entrance ramp must yield the right-of-way to traffic already on the highway.


#7. You must turn on your headlights:

You must use your headlights at night and at other times when it’s hard to see. Virginia law requires motorists to use headlights during inclement weather such as rain, fog, snow, or sleet when visibility is reduced to 500 feet. You must use your headlights whenever you use your windshield wipers as a result of bad weather.

Using headlights at all times, including during the day, increases your vehicle’s visibility.


#8. When parking uphill on a two-way street with no curbs, your front wheels should be:

Headed either uphill or downhill and there is no curb, turn the wheels so the car will roll away from the center of the road if the brakes fail.


#9. Which pavement marking tells you that you are allowed to pass the vehicle ahead of you?

Yellow lines mark the center of a road used for traffic going in opposite directions. Broken yellow center lines mean that passing on the left is allowed in either direction when the way ahead is clear.


#10. When police or other emergency vehicles using flashing lights approach from behind, you must:

When police, fire and rescue vehicles or ambulances approach you from behind your vehicle using a siren, flashing lights or both, you must immediately yield the right-of-way.


#11. When indicated by a sign or signal, which is the legal speed limit in a school zone?

Legal speed limit in school zones, business or residential districts is 25 mph. You are required to travel 25 mph in a school zone only when indicated by a sign or signal. Otherwise, maintain the posted speed.


#12. If you are 18 years or older, which of the following will result in a license suspension?

If you receive 18 demerit points within 12 months or 24 points within 24 months, DMV will suspend your driving privilege for 90 days and require that you complete a driver improvement clinic.


#13. When driving on wet winter roads, you should:

Snow and ice make roads very slippery. Hard packed snow increases the danger of skidding. As you drive, watch for shady spots, bridges and overpasses since these places are often the first to freeze as the temperature drops. Reduce speed and allow extra space between your car and the car ahead. Do not brake or turn suddenly. Use a low gear when going down steep hills.


#14. If pulled over and issued a citation requiring a signature, you should:

If the officer issues you a citation, do not argue with the officer about the citation.

You will be asked to sign the citation. This is not an admission of guilt. Refusal to sign the citation may result in your arrest. Or you may be required to go to the police station.


#15. It is always illegal to use a cell phone while driving:

When on the road, drivers should not use cell phones, computers, or other distracting devices except to report a crash or emergency. There is, however, no general prohibition on cell phone use while driving in Virginia.

Virginia law prohibits drivers under age 18 from using cell phones or any other wireless communication device while driving except in a driver emergency and the vehicle is lawfully parked or stopped.

Text messaging or reading of text messages while driving is illegal for all drivers


#16. You are driving on a freeway posted for 65 mph. Around you, traffic is traveling at 70 mph. What should your speed be?

A speed limit is the maximum legal speed you can travel on a road under ideal conditions. You may drive slower than the posted speed, but it is illegal to drive any faster. By law, you must drive slower if conditions such as road construction or bad weather make the posted speed unsafe.


#17. Which of the following is a reliable method for staying awake and prevent drowsy driving?

Consuming caffeine, energy drinks or other stimulants do not prevent drowsy driving and are not reliable methods for staying awake.


#18. When approaching a roundabout, you should:

When approaching a roundabout, slow down. Use your turn signals to indicate where you want to go.


#19. When passing a bicyclist, you should pass:

When passing a person riding a bicycle, moped, or power-assisted bicycle or other device, reduce speed and pass at least three feet to the left. Remember, state law requires motorists to pass cyclists with at least three feet of clearance. Give bicyclists plenty of room when passing and be prepared to stop suddenly. Look for bicycles on all public roads.


#20. What does a three-second or four-second rule mean?

To avoid tailgating, use a three-second-plus rule. When the vehicle ahead of you passes a certain point such as a sign or a tree, count one-thousand-one, one-thousand-two, one-thousand-three. This takes about three seconds. It gives you time and distance to respond to problems in the lane ahead of you. At speeds over 45 mph or when road conditions change, increase the following distance to four seconds or more.


#21. At a four-way stop, a driver should always yield the right-of-way to:

At four-way stops, the first vehicle to stop should move forward first. If two vehicles reach the intersection at the same time, the driver on the left yields to the driver on the right.


#22. When you approach a traffic signal with a flashing yellow light, you must:

A flashing yellow light means slow down and proceed with caution. Flashing yellow lights are at locations with higher-than-normal hazardous conditions.


#23. What is true about bicyclists?

Bicycles are considered vehicles and have the same right-of-way as motor vehicles. Bicyclists are allowed to ride in the center of the lane, when necessary, such as when they are about to turn left or when the lane is too narrow to share side-by-side with a car.


#24. If a traffic signal light is not working, you:

If a traffic signal light is not working, proceed as if the intersection is controlled by a stop sign in all directions. Meaning, you must stop, and may only proceed when you can do so safely.


#25. As a safe driving practice, you should check your rear-view mirrors every:

Do not develop a fixed stare. Use your rearview mirror to frequently (about every 10 seconds) check the traffic behind you. This will alert you if someone is moving up too quickly or tailgating you. Check the traffic behind you when changing lanes, backing up, slowing down quickly, or driving down a long, steep hill.

See result

The Virginia DMV Permit Test

Key numbers for your official two-part Virginia DMV knowledge examination:

Test Questions:10 + 25 = 35
Correct answers needed:10 + 20 = 30
Passing score:100% / 80%
Time limit:
Earliest retest if you fail:1-15 days (three failures)

Virginia Two-Part DMV Test

The Virginia written DMV test for your first learner’s permit or an unrestricted driver’s license is a two-part examination.

On the first part, DMV checks your knowledge of common road signs. They will show you 10 road signs which you must be able to recognize by shape, colors, symbols, or messages. You must have 10 correct answers on this part before you can move on to the second part of the examination.

  Check your road sign knowledge here: Virginia highway signs

The second part has 25 multiple-choice questions about Virginia traffic laws, common road rules, and safe driving. On this part, you can miss five questions (20 correct answers), a passing score of 80%.

This Virginia DMV Practice Test

This VA DMV practice test focuses on the second part of the exam.

It has 25 questions spanning from pavement markings and traffic signals to impaired driving and the use of child restraints.

The test is random, which means that it draws question from a larger bank of questions and gives you plenty of opportunities to cover all the important items in the Virginia Driver’s Manual.

After each question, there is an immediate feedback that tells you if your answer is correct or not. At the end of the test, you will see your final score.

Aim for the prefect score of 100% on each practice test.

The Virginia Driver’s Manual

First, a word of warning: don’t rely solely on online practice tests. They can never replace the important information in the Virginia Driver’s Manual.

Get yourself a copy of the manual before you start practicing. It is an important read and a perfect guide when you stumble upon questions you don’t know the answer to.

Remember that Virginia DMV always take the questions on your knowledge exam from this manual. You will not get questions about driving rules that are not described in the manual.

Use practice tests as a study help and a supplement to the manual, not the other way around.

The Real Virginia DMV Written Test

As a teenager, you will most likely take the test as part of your mandatory drivers education course. You can also take the test at any DMV service location.

Virginia DMV does, however, currently not offer the test online from the comfort of your home.

As mentioned, it is a two-part examination. You must pass a road sign test before you can take the 25-question road rules test.

DMV and schools offer the test on a computer. If you have trouble reading, you can ask for audio support and a headset.

Applicants with needs or special help should always let a DMV staff member know before the test start. After you have started the test, DMV staff cannot give you additional explanations or help.

The test is normally available in several languages.

Available Languages

American Sign Language
Amharic (Ethiopian)
Chinese (Traditional)
Haitian Creole
Twi (Akan)

If you fail the test, you must wait 15 days before you can try again – unless you are 18 years or older.

Students who are 18 years may take the test again the next day at an additional testing fee.

If you fail the examination three times, you must complete an 8-hour Driver’s Manual course, either in a classroom or online before you can make a fourth attempt.

Instead of the 8-hour Driver’s Manual course, you can retake (or complete) the classroom component of the driver education course.

Do Not Try to Cheat

The Virginia knowledge examination is a closed book test.

You cannot use the Driver’s Manual, books, notes, a cell phone, or any electronic devices during the exam.

Trying to get help from another person or helping someone during the test is also considered cheating.

If you are found cheating, your test will be terminated.

Frequentky asked questions - Photo by Andrea Piacquadio

FAQ – Virginia DMV Test & More

At what age can I get a Virginia Learner’s Permit?

You can submit your application for a learner’s permit when you are 15½ years.

As long as you are under 18 years, you must also provide written consent from one of your parents or your legal guardian unless you are married or emancipated.

At what age can I get a Virginia Driver’s License?

You must be at least 16 years and 3 months to be eligible for a Virginia driver’s license.

Must I take a Driver Education Course to get a permit?

If you are under 18 years, you must always complete a state-approved driver education program.

If you are 18 years or older, you can bypass the driver education program by holding a learner’s permit for at least 60 days before taking the DMV road skills test.

Which Documents do I need to apply for a license or learner’s permit?

As a first-time applicant you must always provide proof of:

  • Identity
  • Citizenship or legal presence
  • Virginia Residency

You must also provide your Social Security number, if you have one.

If you are under 18 years and not married or emancipated, you must also have written consent from one of your parents or your legal guardian.

It is a good idea to us the interactive document guide at the DMV website to determine which documents you will need to bring to your service office when you apply.

What are the restrictions when I drive with a Virginia learner’s permit?

You cannot drive on your own when you get your Virginia learner’s permit.

You must be accompanied by a licensed driver who is at least 21 years and who is seated beside you. If the supervising driver is your legal guardian, brother, sister, half-brother, half-sister, step-brother or step-sister, they must be at least 18 years.

If you have held a permit for at least nine months and are between 16 years 3 months and 18 years, a driver education certificate and a valid learner’s permit may allow you to drive without a licensed driver beside you. A parent or legal guardian must sign the certificate.

Learner’s permit holders may not carry more than one passenger under 18 years.

You cannot use handheld or hands-free cell phones while driving, unless used for a driver emergency.

How many hours must I practice driving before getting a driver’s license?

While you hold a minor’s permit, you must complete at least 45 hours of driver practice, 15 of which must have been completed during darkness.

You must hold your permit for at least nine months and provide proof of successful completion of the driver education program before you can receive a driver’s license.

How soon must I get a license when I move to Virginia?

You must get a Virginia license within 60 days of moving to the state. If you currently hold a commercial driver’s license (CDL), you must obtain a Virginia CDL within 30 days.

Must I take the written test when I move to Virginia?

DMV will not ask for a knowledge test or road skills test if you hold a valid license from another state or a U.S. territory.

Your out-of-state license cannot be suspended or revoked.

Test requirements can also be waived if you hold a valid license from France, Germany, Japan, or South Korea. DMV will verify the validity of your license with the foreign country prior to issuing you a Virginia driver’s license.

Must I take the written test when I renew my Virginia license?

Normally, Virginia DMV does not ask you to take the knowledge test when you renew your license. A test may, however, be required at renewal at the discretion of DMV personnel.

If you are under 21 years, a test can be mandatory if your record shows one or more convictions for certain offenses.

How often must I renew my Virginia license?

A Virginia license is valid for eight years if you are under 75 years. If you are older, the license must be renewed every fifth year.

Is there a grace period when my license expire?

No, there is no grace period if you let your Virginia driver license expire. Under no circumstances can you drive with an expired Virginia driver license, not even to a DMV location to renew the license.

Must I take the written test if my license was suspended?

A suspension is a temporary withdrawal of your privilege. Normally, your license can be reinstated at the end of the suspension period without any requirements to pass a knowledge test.

Must I take the written test if my license was revoked?

A revocation is the complete termination of your privilege to drive in Virginia. When the revocation period has ended, you must comply with any reinstatement requirements, apply for a new license, and take all applicable knowledge and skills tests again.


Virginia highway signs


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