Virginia DMV Written Test Practice – 2021 Knowledge Test



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#1. You may cross a double solid yellow line:

Double solid yellow lines mark the center of the road and separate traffic traveling in two different directions. Passing is not allowed in either direction. You may not cross the lines unless you are making a left turn.


#2. If you see a deer crossing the road, you should:

Slow down if you see a deer near or crossing the road. Deer frequently travel in groups, there are likely more deer nearby.


#3. Children from 2 years until at least 8 years should normally be secured:

The safest place to install a child safety seat is in the center of the back seat. Children should ride rear facing from birth to 2 years, or as long as the safety seat manufacturer allows. If the vehicle does not have a back seat, a rear facing child seat may be placed in the front passenger seat if the vehicle is not equipped with a passenger side air bag or if the passenger air bag is turned off. Children should ride facing forward in a child safety seat or booster seat until at least age 8, or until they can attain a proper seat belt fit. (Note that older versions of the manual have slightly different recommendations.)


#4. The best way to avoid last minute moves when driving is to:

The key to defensive driving is awareness. As you search the road, avoid staring at one thing. Keep your eyes moving and learn to read the road and your surroundings. Space around your vehicle gives you distance to react in emergencies and avoid a crash.


#5. Which is true about alcohol?

Combining alcohol with other drugs usually multiplies the effects of both and can have a disastrous effect on your ability to drive. One drink taken when you are on another drug could have the same effect on your driving ability as drinking several alcoholic beverages.

Alcohol is particularly dangerous in combination with other depressants, it increases the depressant effects of tranquilizers and barbiturates.


#6. If you are angry or upset with another driver, you should:

When aggressive drivers are behind the wheel, these high-risk drivers take out their anger on other motorists. Their frustration levels run high while their concerns for fellow motorists run low. They break the law by running stop signs and red lights, speeding, tailgating, weaving in and out of traffic, passing on the right (including on the shoulder and unpaved portions of the road), making improper and unsafe lane changes, as well as making hand and facial gestures, screaming, honking, and flashing their lights.

If you see an aggressive driver, stay out of the way. Do not challenge the aggressive driver by speeding up or trying to out-maneuver him. Avoid eye contact and ignore his gestures and shouting.


#7. For a U-turn in a roundabout with multiple lanes, you should:

Always enter the left lane. U-turns are only allowed in the left lane.


#8. When you park on a hill headed downhill and there is no curb, you should turn your front wheels:

Headed downhill with no curb, turn the wheels to the right or side of the road, so the car will roll away from the center of the road if the brakes fail.


#9. When two vehicles arrive at the same time at an uncontrolled intersection, which one should yield?

When two vehicles from different directions arrive at the same time at an intersection with no signs or signals, the driver on the left must allow the driver on the right to go first.

The driver approaching from the left must yield to the driver approaching from the right, who should be given the right-of-way.


#10. Any time visibility is reduced to 500 feet, you must:

Virginia law requires motorists to use headlights during inclement weather such as rain, fog, snow, or sleet when visibility is reduced to 500 feet. You must use your headlights whenever you use your windshield wipers as a result of bad weather.


#11. Which is true about seat belts?

Wearing seat belts, also called safety belts, can double your chances of surviving a crash and more than double your chances of avoiding serious injury. Your shoulder and lap belts should be snug. Remember to wear your lap belt low on your lap and against your thighs. Wear your shoulder belt over your shoulder and across your chest. Never wear your shoulder belt behind your back or under your arm.


#12. When making a right turn, you should do all the following except:

You should not honk your horn to warn pedestrians within the crosswalk. You must yield for pedestrians who are crossing a street within a clearly marked crosswalk or at an unmarked intersection. Remember that turns on red are especially hazardous to pedestrians. Avoid conflict with pedestrians and permit them to cross the street safely.


#13. In this situation (approaching the bicyclist from behind), you should:

Slow down when you approach bicyclists. State law requires motorists to pass cyclists with at least three feet of clearance. Give them plenty of room when passing and be prepared to stop suddenly. Look for bicycles on all public roads.

Remember, do not squeeze the bicyclist off the road. In this situation passing on the other half of the roadway is not allowed.


#14. When driving beside a motorcycle:

Never drive in the motorcyclist’s lane, if possible.

Although a motorcycle is not as wide as the lane, the rider will use the entire lane as traffic situations and road conditions change. A slight change or debris on the road surface can be a major obstacle for a motorcyclist. Expect the motorcycle to make sudden moves within the lane.


#15. When driving a vehicle with a light medium trailer attached:

Towing a trailer places additional stress on the vehicle. It takes the vehicle twice as long to pass, stop, accelerate, and turn.


#16. On which side should you pass a barricade like this?

If the orange stripes slant down to the right, go to the right. If the stripes slant to the left, go to the left.


#17. The basic speed law means you must drive slower than the posted speed limit:

A speed limit is the maximum legal speed you can travel on a road under ideal conditions. You may drive slower than the posted speed, but it is illegal to drive any faster. By law, you must drive slower if conditions such as road construction or bad weather make the posted speed unsafe.


#18. Which of the following is a reliable method for staying awake and prevent drowsy driving?

Rolling down a window, chewing gum, turning up the radio, or consuming caffeine, energy drinks or other stimulants do not prevent drowsy driving and are not reliable methods for staying awake.


#19. A flashing yellow light means:

A flashing yellow light means slow down and proceed with caution. Flashing yellow lights are at locations with higher-than-normal hazardous conditions.


#20. Which lane should you use for a left turn?

Lane use signals indicate lanes where you can and cannot drive during different hours of the day.

  • Red X: Never drive in a lane marked with a red X signal.
  • Yellow X: A yellow X signal means that you should move out of the lane as soon as safely possible.
  • Green Arrow: You are permitted to drive in a lane marked with a green arrow signal.
  • Left-turn Arrow: You are permitted to enter in a lane marked with a one-way or two-way arrow only to turn in the direction of the arrow.

#21. While driving, you encounter a school bus that has stopped to pick up children. Vehicles traveling in the same direction as the bus must:

You must remain stopped until all persons are clear of the roadway and the bus moves again.


#22. Which is true about large trucks?

Generally speaking, the bigger trucks are the more room they need to maneuver.


#23. What is the most important driving technique when driving on icy or snowy roads?

Reduce your speed and allow extra space between your car and the car ahead.


#24. Unless otherwise posted, what is the legal speed limit in a business district?

Legal speed limit in school zones, business or residential districts is 25 mph.


#25. To reduce the risk of hand, wrist, or arm injury if the airbag is deployed, it is a good idea to grip the steering wheel:

Your grip on the steering wheel is important. If your steering wheel were a clock, your hands should be at the 8 o’clock and 4 o’clock positions. Hold the wheel with your fingers and thumbs. Avoid gripping it with your palms. Gripping the steering wheel as described diminishes the risk of hand, wrist, or arm injury if the airbag is deployed.

See result

The Virginia DMV Permit Test

Key numbers for your official two-part Virginia DMV knowledge examination:

Test Questions: 10 + 25 = 35
Correct answers needed: 10 + 20 = 30
Passing score: 100% / 80%
Time limit:
Earliest retest if you fail: 1-15 days (three failures)

Virginia Two-Part DMV Test

The Virginia written DMV test for your first learner’s permit or an unrestricted driver’s license is a two-part examination.

On the first part, DMV checks your knowledge of common road signs. They will show you 10 road signs which you must be able to recognize by shape, colors, symbols, or messages. You must have 10 correct answers on this part before you can move on to the second part of the examination.

  Check your road sign knowledge here: Virginia highway signs

The second part has 25 multiple-choice questions about Virginia traffic laws, common road rules, and safe driving. On this part, you can miss five questions (20 correct answers), a passing score of 80%.

This Virginia DMV Practice Test

This VA DMV practice test focuses on the second part of the exam.

It has 25 questions spanning from pavement markings and traffic signals to impaired driving and the use of child restraints.

The test is random, which means that it draws question from a larger bank of questions and gives you plenty of opportunities to cover all the important items in the Virginia Driver’s Manual.

After each question, there is an immediate feedback that tells you if your answer is correct or not. At the end of the test, you will see your final score.

Aim for the prefect score of 100% on each practice test.

The Virginia Driver’s Manual

First, a word of warning: don’t rely solely on online practice tests. They can never replace the important information in the Virginia Driver’s Manual.

Get yourself a copy of the manual before you start practicing. It is an important read and a perfect guide when you stumble upon questions you don’t know the answer to.

Remember that Virginia DMV always take the questions on your knowledge exam from this manual. You will not get questions about driving rules that are not described in the manual.

Use practice tests as a study help and a supplement to the manual, not the other way around.

The Real Virginia DMV Written Test

As a teenager, you will most likely take the test as part of your mandatory drivers education course. You can also take the test at any DMV service location.

Virginia DMV does, however, currently not offer the test online from the comfort of your home.

As mentioned, it is a two-part examination. You must pass a road sign test before you can take the 25-question road rules test.

DMV and schools offer the test on a computer. If you have trouble reading, you can ask for audio support and a headset.

Applicants with needs or special help should always let a DMV staff member know before the test start. After you have started the test, DMV staff cannot give you additional explanations or help.

The test is normally available in several languages.

Available Languages

American Sign Language
Amharic (Ethiopian)
Chinese (Traditional)
Haitian Creole
Twi (Akan)

If you fail the test, you must wait 15 days before you can try again – unless you are 18 years or older.

Students who are 18 years may take the test again the next day at an additional testing fee.

If you fail the examination three times, you must complete an 8-hour Driver’s Manual course, either in a classroom or online before you can make a fourth attempt.

Instead of the 8-hour Driver’s Manual course, you can retake (or complete) the classroom component of the driver education course.

Do Not Try to Cheat

The Virginia knowledge examination is a closed book test.

You cannot use the Driver’s Manual, books, notes, a cell phone, or any electronic devices during the exam.

Trying to get help from another person or helping someone during the test is also considered cheating.

If you are found cheating, your test will be terminated.

Frequentky asked questions - Photo by Andrea Piacquadio

FAQ – Virginia DMV Test & More

At what age can I get a Virginia Learner’s Permit?

You can submit your application for a learner’s permit when you are 15½ years.

As long as you are under 18 years, you must also provide written consent from one of your parents or your legal guardian unless you are married or emancipated.

At what age can I get a Virginia Driver’s License?

You must be at least 16 years and 3 months to be eligible for a Virginia driver’s license.

Must I take a Driver Education Course to get a permit?

If you are under 18 years, you must always complete a state-approved driver education program.

If you are 18 years or older, you can bypass the driver education program by holding a learner’s permit for at least 60 days before taking the DMV road skills test.

Which Documents do I need to apply for a license or learner’s permit?

As a first-time applicant you must always provide proof of:

  • Identity
  • Citizenship or legal presence
  • Virginia Residency

You must also provide your Social Security number, if you have one.

If you are under 18 years and not married or emancipated, you must also have written consent from one of your parents or your legal guardian.

It is a good idea to us the interactive document guide at the DMV website to determine which documents you will need to bring to your service office when you apply.

What are the restrictions when I drive with a Virginia learner’s permit?

You cannot drive on your own when you get your Virginia learner’s permit.

You must be accompanied by a licensed driver who is at least 21 years and who is seated beside you. If the supervising driver is your legal guardian, brother, sister, half-brother, half-sister, step-brother or step-sister, they must be at least 18 years.

If you have held a permit for at least nine months and are between 16 years 3 months and 18 years, a driver education certificate and a valid learner’s permit may allow you to drive without a licensed driver beside you. A parent or legal guardian must sign the certificate.

Learner’s permit holders may not carry more than one passenger under 18 years.

You cannot use handheld or hands-free cell phones while driving, unless used for a driver emergency.

How many hours must I practice driving before getting a driver’s license?

While you hold a minor’s permit, you must complete at least 45 hours of driver practice, 15 of which must have been completed during darkness.

You must hold your permit for at least nine months and provide proof of successful completion of the driver education program before you can receive a driver’s license.

How soon must I get a license when I move to Virginia?

You must get a Virginia license within 60 days of moving to the state. If you currently hold a commercial driver’s license (CDL), you must obtain a Virginia CDL within 30 days.

Must I take the written test when I move to Virginia?

DMV will not ask for a knowledge test or road skills test if you hold a valid license from another state or a U.S. territory.

Your out-of-state license cannot be suspended or revoked.

Test requirements can also be waived if you hold a valid license from France, Germany, Japan, or South Korea. DMV will verify the validity of your license with the foreign country prior to issuing you a Virginia driver’s license.

Must I take the written test when I renew my Virginia license?

Normally, Virginia DMV does not ask you to take the knowledge test when you renew your license. A test may, however, be required at renewal at the discretion of DMV personnel.

If you are under 21 years, a test can be mandatory if your record shows one or more convictions for certain offenses.

How often must I renew my Virginia license?

A Virginia license is valid for eight years if you are under 75 years. If you are older, the license must be renewed every fifth year.

Is there a grace period when my license expire?

No, there is no grace period if you let your Virginia driver license expire. Under no circumstances can you drive with an expired Virginia driver license, not even to a DMV location to renew the license.

Must I take the written test if my license was suspended?

A suspension is a temporary withdrawal of your privilege. Normally, your license can be reinstated at the end of the suspension period without any requirements to pass a knowledge test.

Must I take the written test if my license was revoked?

A revocation is the complete termination of your privilege to drive in Virginia. When the revocation period has ended, you must comply with any reinstatement requirements, apply for a new license, and take all applicable knowledge and skills tests again.


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