Virginia DMV Written Test Practice – 2022 Knowledge Test



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#1. A blind spot is the area of the road:

Blind spots are danger areas where vehicles around you cannot be easily seen. Before driving, adjust your vehicle’s mirrors. Make sure the inside rear-view mirror frames the entire back window. Adjust both side mirrors so you can barely see the sides of your vehicle.

The best way to see a car in your blind spot is by quickly turning your head and glancing over your shoulder to ensure the way is clear before changing lanes or passing another vehicle.

Avoid driving in someone else’s blind spot. This can be just as dangerous as not checking your own blind spot. Speed up or drop back – but don’t stay in the other driver’s blind spot.


#2. Signaling before turning is:

Using your turn signal is required by law.


#3. When approaching a stopped school bus with flashing red lights at a four-way intersection, which car or cars must stop in this situation?

You must stop for stopped school buses with flashing red lights and an extended stop sign when you approach from any direction on a highway, private road, or school driveway.


#4. True or false? Radar detector use is illegal in Virginia.

It is illegal to use a radar detector in Virginia (passive or active).


#5. If you have been drinking alcohol, which is the only thing that will sober you up?

Only time can decrease intoxication. Things like coffee, cold showers, vitamins, or exercise will not sober you up.


#6. If you see a pedestrian with a white cane at a crosswalk, you should:

Always stop for a blind pedestrian using a white or metallic walking cane, or a trained guide dog.

According to the law you must take all necessary precautions to avoid injury to such blind pedestrian and dog guide.


#7. If using a child restraint would be unreasonable, a waiver of the child restraint law may be granted by:

A waiver of the child restraint law may be granted by a licensed physician if using a child restraint would be unreasonable due to the child’s weight, physical fitness, or other medical reasons.


#8. You are driving on a one-way street. You may turn left onto another one-way street only if:

You may turn left into a left-moving, one-way street if there is no sign to prohibit the turn.

Remember, do not turn against traffic.


#9. Parking reserved for persons with disabilities may be indicated a curb painted:

A blue curb tells you that parking is reserved for persons with disabilities.


#10. Which of the following freeze first when wet?

Watch for ice on bridges and in shady areas. Bridges freeze before other road surfaces.

Always approach bridges, shaded spots, overpasses and turns slowly.


#11. When can you cross yellow center lines to pass another vehicle?

Yellow lines mark the center of a road used for traffic going in opposite directions. Broken yellow center lines mean that passing on the left is allowed in either direction when the way ahead is clear.


#12. If your car stalls on railroad tracks and a train is approaching, you should leave your vehicle and move quickly:

If your car stalls on the tracks and a train is approaching, do not hesitate. Get out of the car right away and run diagonally away from the tracks in the direction of the oncoming train.

You must run in the direction of the oncoming train to avoid being struck by the debris from the accident.


#13. When is it recommended, but not required by law, to wear safety belts?

Under Virginia law, the driver and all front seat passengers must wear safety belts. When you are older than 18 years and riding in the back seat, you are not required by law to use a seat belt. It is, however, strongly recommended.


#14. What is a no-zone in terms of driving?

There are danger areas around large vehicles where crashes are more likely to occur. These areas are called No-Zones. No-Zones on the side, front and rear also include blind spots where your car disappears from the driver’s view. Learning the No-Zones can save your life


#15. If an intersection is blocked and you cannot drive through without stopping:

At a green light, you may go if the way is clear. If you are turning, you must yield the right-of-way to vehicles coming from the other direction and pedestrians in the intersection. Drivers entering any intersection or traffic circle must yield to traffic already in it. Remember, don’t enter an intersection if traffic is backed up on the other side and you cannot get completely through the intersection. Wait until traffic ahead clears, so you do not block the intersection.


#16. When approaching deer standing near the roadside, you should:

Thousands of deer-vehicle crashes take place in Virginia each year, resulting in fatalities, injuries, and costly vehicle damage. To avoid hitting a deer, slow down if you see a deer near or crossing the road.


#17. When an emergency vehicle with flashing lights approaches you in the opposite lane on an undivided highway, you should:

When emergency vehicles approach you in the opposite lane on an undivided highway, you must pull over to the edge of the road and stop until the emergency vehicle passes.


#18. You have passed another vehicle. What should you see in your rear-view mirror before you attempt to return to the right lane?

Before you return to the right lane, look at your interior rear-view mirror. Return to the right lane as soon as you can see the front of the passed vehicle in your rearview mirror.


#19. Which of the following acts could be aggressive driving?

Aggressive driving is defined by Virginia law as the intent to harass, intimidate, injure, or obstruct another person while committing one or more traffic offenses such as failing to stop or yield the right-of-way, avoiding a traffic control device or failing to give way to an overtaking vehicle.


#20. Three factors determine the distance that it takes to stop your vehicle. The distance your car travels after you apply the brakes is known as:

Braking distance is the distance your car travels after you apply the brakes.


#21. Lane use signals indicate lanes:

Lane use signals indicate lanes where you can and cannot drive during different hours of the day.


#22. When you drive through a work zone, you should:

Remember, the color orange marks a work zone and means slow down and be alert.

The lives of highway construction workers depend on drivers like you obeying the posted speed limits. Be alert to flashing arrow panels or messages, signs and flaggers which will control your actions in the area. When driving near the devices, keep your vehicle in the middle of the lane. Do not change lanes until you are completely clear of the work zone.


#23. It is a good idea to use your high-beam headlights in the following situations, except:

You should not use your high-beam headlights in fog.

High-beam headlights are mainly for open-country driving when there is no traffic in sight. Use low-beams when driving in cities and towns, except on streets where there is no lighting. Switch to low-beams whenever you are within 500 feet of oncoming traffic. When following, use low-beams whenever you are within 200 feet of the vehicle ahead. Use low-beam headlights in heavy fog, rain, or snow.


#24. You must drive slower than the posted speed limit:

A speed limit is the maximum legal speed you can travel on a road under ideal conditions. You may drive slower than the posted speed, but it is illegal to drive any faster. By law, you must drive slower if conditions such as road construction or bad weather make the posted speed unsafe.


#25. You approach an intersection with a red light. Where must you stop?

When required to stop because of a sign or light, come to a complete stop at the stop line or, if there is no stop line, before entering the intersection or before reaching the crosswalk.

See result

The Virginia DMV Permit Test

Key numbers for your official two-part Virginia DMV knowledge examination:

Test Questions: 10 + 25 = 35
Correct answers needed: 10 + 20 = 30
Passing score: 100% / 80%
Time limit:
Earliest retest if you fail: 1-15 days (three failures)

Virginia Two-Part DMV Test

The Virginia written DMV test for your first learner’s permit or an unrestricted driver’s license is a two-part examination.

On the first part, DMV checks your knowledge of common road signs. They will show you 10 road signs which you must be able to recognize by shape, colors, symbols, or messages. You must have 10 correct answers on this part before you can move on to the second part of the examination.

  Check your road sign knowledge here: Virginia highway signs

The second part has 25 multiple-choice questions about Virginia traffic laws, common road rules, and safe driving. On this part, you can miss five questions (20 correct answers), a passing score of 80%.

This Virginia DMV Practice Test

This VA DMV practice test focuses on the second part of the exam.

It has 25 questions spanning from pavement markings and traffic signals to impaired driving and the use of child restraints.

The test is random, which means that it draws question from a larger bank of questions and gives you plenty of opportunities to cover all the important items in the Virginia Driver’s Manual.

After each question, there is an immediate feedback that tells you if your answer is correct or not. At the end of the test, you will see your final score.

Aim for the prefect score of 100% on each practice test.

The Virginia Driver’s Manual

First, a word of warning: don’t rely solely on online practice tests. They can never replace the important information in the Virginia Driver’s Manual.

Get yourself a copy of the manual before you start practicing. It is an important read and a perfect guide when you stumble upon questions you don’t know the answer to.

Remember that Virginia DMV always take the questions on your knowledge exam from this manual. You will not get questions about driving rules that are not described in the manual.

Use practice tests as a study help and a supplement to the manual, not the other way around.

The Real Virginia DMV Written Test

As a teenager, you will most likely take the test as part of your mandatory drivers education course. You can also take the test at any DMV service location.

Virginia DMV does, however, currently not offer the test online from the comfort of your home.

As mentioned, it is a two-part examination. You must pass a road sign test before you can take the 25-question road rules test.

DMV and schools offer the test on a computer. If you have trouble reading, you can ask for audio support and a headset.

Applicants with needs or special help should always let a DMV staff member know before the test start. After you have started the test, DMV staff cannot give you additional explanations or help.

The test is normally available in several languages.

Available Languages

American Sign Language
Amharic (Ethiopian)
Chinese (Traditional)
Haitian Creole
Twi (Akan)

If you fail the test, you must wait 15 days before you can try again – unless you are 18 years or older.

Students who are 18 years may take the test again the next day at an additional testing fee.

If you fail the examination three times, you must complete an 8-hour Driver’s Manual course, either in a classroom or online before you can make a fourth attempt.

Instead of the 8-hour Driver’s Manual course, you can retake (or complete) the classroom component of the driver education course.

Do Not Try to Cheat

The Virginia knowledge examination is a closed book test.

You cannot use the Driver’s Manual, books, notes, a cell phone, or any electronic devices during the exam.

Trying to get help from another person or helping someone during the test is also considered cheating.

If you are found cheating, your test will be terminated.

Frequentky asked questions - Photo by Andrea Piacquadio

FAQ – Virginia DMV Test & More

At what age can I get a Virginia Learner’s Permit?

You can submit your application for a learner’s permit when you are 15½ years.

As long as you are under 18 years, you must also provide written consent from one of your parents or your legal guardian unless you are married or emancipated.

At what age can I get a Virginia Driver’s License?

You must be at least 16 years and 3 months to be eligible for a Virginia driver’s license.

Must I take a Driver Education Course to get a permit?

If you are under 18 years, you must always complete a state-approved driver education program.

If you are 18 years or older, you can bypass the driver education program by holding a learner’s permit for at least 60 days before taking the DMV road skills test.

Which Documents do I need to apply for a license or learner’s permit?

As a first-time applicant you must always provide proof of:

  • Identity
  • Citizenship or legal presence
  • Virginia Residency

You must also provide your Social Security number, if you have one.

If you are under 18 years and not married or emancipated, you must also have written consent from one of your parents or your legal guardian.

It is a good idea to us the interactive document guide at the DMV website to determine which documents you will need to bring to your service office when you apply.

What are the restrictions when I drive with a Virginia learner’s permit?

You cannot drive on your own when you get your Virginia learner’s permit.

You must be accompanied by a licensed driver who is at least 21 years and who is seated beside you. If the supervising driver is your legal guardian, brother, sister, half-brother, half-sister, step-brother or step-sister, they must be at least 18 years.

If you have held a permit for at least nine months and are between 16 years 3 months and 18 years, a driver education certificate and a valid learner’s permit may allow you to drive without a licensed driver beside you. A parent or legal guardian must sign the certificate.

Learner’s permit holders may not carry more than one passenger under 18 years.

You cannot use handheld or hands-free cell phones while driving, unless used for a driver emergency.

How many hours must I practice driving before getting a driver’s license?

While you hold a minor’s permit, you must complete at least 45 hours of driver practice, 15 of which must have been completed during darkness.

You must hold your permit for at least nine months and provide proof of successful completion of the driver education program before you can receive a driver’s license.

How soon must I get a license when I move to Virginia?

You must get a Virginia license within 60 days of moving to the state. If you currently hold a commercial driver’s license (CDL), you must obtain a Virginia CDL within 30 days.

Must I take the written test when I move to Virginia?

DMV will not ask for a knowledge test or road skills test if you hold a valid license from another state or a U.S. territory.

Your out-of-state license cannot be suspended or revoked.

Test requirements can also be waived if you hold a valid license from France, Germany, Japan, or South Korea. DMV will verify the validity of your license with the foreign country prior to issuing you a Virginia driver’s license.

Must I take the written test when I renew my Virginia license?

Normally, Virginia DMV does not ask you to take the knowledge test when you renew your license. A test may, however, be required at renewal at the discretion of DMV personnel.

If you are under 21 years, a test can be mandatory if your record shows one or more convictions for certain offenses.

How often must I renew my Virginia license?

A Virginia license is valid for eight years if you are under 75 years. If you are older, the license must be renewed every fifth year.

Is there a grace period when my license expire?

No, there is no grace period if you let your Virginia driver license expire. Under no circumstances can you drive with an expired Virginia driver license, not even to a DMV location to renew the license.

Must I take the written test if my license was suspended?

A suspension is a temporary withdrawal of your privilege. Normally, your license can be reinstated at the end of the suspension period without any requirements to pass a knowledge test.

Must I take the written test if my license was revoked?

A revocation is the complete termination of your privilege to drive in Virginia. When the revocation period has ended, you must comply with any reinstatement requirements, apply for a new license, and take all applicable knowledge and skills tests again.


Virginia highway signs


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