#1. Red or blue lights showing toward the front of your private car are allowed:
Motor vehicles must be equipped with at least two headlights (white lights). Red or blue lights showing from the front are not allowed.
#2. Your car's exhaust contains carbon monoxide, which:
Carbon monoxide is an invisible gas that has no smell, taste or color but is poisonous, even deadly.
Have the exhaust system checked regularly to be sure it does not leak. Do not idle the motor or drive with all the windows closed tightly. Do not warm up the motor while the vehicle is in a closed garage.
#3. When passing a motorcycle driving in your lane, you must:
Don’t share the lane with a motorcycle. Motorcycles are entitled to the same full lane width as all other vehicles. A skilled motorcycle operator is constantly changing positions within a lane to maximize being seen, to see the roadway better, and to compensate for objects on or near the road. Drivers should never move into the same lane alongside a motorcycle even if the lane is wide and cyclist is riding far to one side. It is not only illegal, but extremely hazardous.
#4. Emotions affect your driving. If you feel angry, excited, or upset, you should:
Home troubles, quarrels, misunderstandings, financial worries, serious illness in the family, personal fears, or over-confidence make you far more likely to have an accident. They can make you temporarily accident-prone. Strong emotions can work the same way. Give yourself time to cool off or let somebody else drive.
#5. Does a posted speed limit of 65 mph mean that you may drive 65 mph on that highway under all conditions?
Remember, the maximum limit should be driven only in ideal driving conditions. Consider road, weather, and your vehicle condition, as well as your own physical condition. What might be a reasonable speed at one time may not be reasonable at another time because of conditions.
#6. After the period of a license revocation has ended:
After the period of revocation has expired, you may apply for a new driver license and will be required to take and pass the complete examinations.
#7. When you see a truck with an oversized load ahead of you, you should:
Avoid tailgating. Increase your following distance. Unlike cars, trucks and buses have huge no-zones directly behind them that may extend as far as 200 feet. The truck or bus driver cannot see your car and you cannot see what is occurring ahead of you. If the truck or bus driver brakes suddenly, you have no place to go.
#8. If an oncoming vehicle is drifting head-on into your lane, it is dangerous to:
Never turn into the left lane because the driver of the oncoming vehicle might pull back sharply into that lane. It is generally better to run off the road than to crash head-on into another vehicle.
This question asked what you should not do.
#9. When it starts to rain or snow:
It is important that you are able to see clearly through the windows and windshield. Make sure your windshield wipers are in working condition.
#10. If you have entered an intersection to make a turn, and the signal turns from yellow to red, you should:
If you are waiting in the intersection to make a turn, and the signal turns from yellow to red, complete the turn as soon as it is safely possible. Do not back up.
#11. Signaling when suddenly slowing down or stopping is:
Remember, you must give an appropriate signal before you stop or suddenly decrease speed, when there is opportunity to give such signal.
Your brake lights let people know that you are slowing down or stopping. Hand signals can also be used. (Alabama Code – Section 32-5A-133).
#12. Which of the following traffic violations will add more than four points to your driving record?
Five points will be assessed if you are convicted of passing a stopped school bus.
#13. A condition of drowsiness or unawareness, known as highway hypnosis, is caused by:
Highway hypnosis is a condition of drowsiness or unawareness brought on by monotony, the sound of the wind, the tires on the pavement, and the steady hum of the engine. Always stop driving if you feel drowsy.
#14. This sign tells you that there is:
Railroad crossing ahead.
You must slow down, look carefully in both directions and be prepared to stop. Remember, a train cannot stop quickly!
#15. What does this sign mean?
A sign with a wheelchair symbol means a facility or parking area is accessible to a person with a disability.
#16. A center lane marked on both sides by a solid yellow line and a broken yellow line is used for:
Shared center lanes are reserved for making left turns by vehicles traveling in both directions. On the pavement, left-turn arrows for traffic in one direction alternate with left-turn arrows for traffic coming from the other direction.
These lanes are marked on each side by a solid yellow and dashed yellow line.
Passing or overtaking is not permitted in the center lane.
#17. When entering a freeway, you should always:
Remember, even if drivers on the freeway should allow room for those entering, you must yield to traffic on the freeway.
#18. What does this sign mean?
You are leaving a separated one-way roadway and entering a two-way roadway. Also used to remind drivers they are on a two-way road.
Remember, you should drive in the right-hand lane and expect oncoming traffic in the left-hand lane.
#19. Where a highway is marked with mile posts, mileage generally increases as you travel:
Mileposts assist drivers in pinpointing locations and to provide a means for identifying the location of emergency incidents, and to aid in highway maintenance and servicing. Zero mileage begin at the south and west state lines or at junctions where routes begin.
#20. When is it safe to pass a vehicle stopped at a crosswalk?
A driver must not pass (overtake) another vehicle stopped for pedestrians in a crosswalk.
#21. When approaching a stopped school bus with flashing red lights traveling on your side of an undivided highway with two lanes, you must:
You must stop when you are following or meeting a school bus or church bus stopped on the road while the stop signal arm is extended and displaying flashing red lights. Remain stopped until the stop signal is retracted and red lights are turned off.
#22. When should you use your parking lights?
Do not drive a vehicle with only the parking lights on.
According to state law, headlights (not parking lights only) must be turned on from a half-hour after sunset to a half-hour before sunrise and during other periods of limited visibility when you cannot see clearly for at least 500 feet. Alabama law also requires that headlights be turned on when the windshield wipers of the vehicle are in use because of rain, sleet, or snow.
#23. Which is true about alcohol?
Alcohol is the most important cause of fatal car accidents. According to Alabama driver’s manual, approximately 50 percent of all fatal crashes involve drivers who have been drinking.
#24. Driving over an unprotected fire hose on the road is allowed:
Do not drive over an unprotected fire hose unless authorized to do so by a police officer or fire department official.
#25. Orange road signs indicate:
Orange is used as a background color for construction and maintenance warning signs. Warning signs are usually black and yellow, except those used in construction areas which are black and orange.
#26. The following are true about large trucks, except:
It is not true that they need less room to maneuver.
Truck and bus drivers need to swing wide to the left to safely make a right turn. When the right turn signal is blinking, do not attempt to pass on the right. The driver will not be able to see you and you will become trapped.
#27. A three-point turn is not allowed:
A three-point-turn must be made without endangering other traffic.
They are normally permitted where your vehicle can be seen for a great distance and where traffic is such that making a three-point-turn would not constitute a hazard.
Three-point turns are not permitted on interstate freeways, on curves, or near the top of hills where you cannot be seen by drivers of other vehicles approaching from either direction within 500 feet.
#28. Which of the following vehicles must always stop before crossing railroad tracks?
Leave extra room for vehicles required to come to a stop at railroad crossings. If you are following this type of vehicle you should slow down and be prepared to stop.
The following vehicles are required to stop before crossing any railroad crossing:
- School bus, church bus, or any passenger bus.
- Trucks transporting flammables, explosives or other hazardous material.
#29. When parking close to a pedestrian crossing at an uncontrolled intersection, you must keep this distance:
Parking is not allowed within 20 feet of a crosswalk at an uncontrolled intersection.
#30. When two vehicles from different directions arrive at the same time at an intersection where there are no signs or signals, which one should yield?
When more than one vehicle reaches the intersection at the same time the vehicle on the left must yield the right-of-way and allow the vehicle on the right to go first.
If you enter an uncontrolled intersection at an unlawful speed, you lose any right of way which you might otherwise have.
Alabama Permit Practice Tests for the Instruction Permit
Key numbers for the official Alabama written test:
|Number of Questions:||30|
|Correct answers needed:||24|
|Passing score:||80 percent|
|Earliest retest upon failure:||0 days (new fee)|
Getting Your First Learner’s Permit
If you are at least 15 years, you can apply for your first Alabama Learner License (a.k.a. Learner’s Permit).
A permit is the first step in the Alabama Graduated Driver License (GDL) program. With the permit you can practice driving together with a supervising parent, legal guardian, or a person who is 21 years and holds an Alabama driver license. You can also drive together with a certified driving instructor. The supervising person must sit in the front seat beside you.
Before Alabama Law Enforcement Agency (ALEA) issues a Learner License you must pass a vision test and the written knowledge test.
1 Start by Studying the Driver Manual
Questions on the written knowledge exam are taken from the information in the Driver Manual. Everything you must learn to pass the exam is found in this manual.
You should read it and make sure you get a good understanding of Alabama laws, safe driving, common road signs, traffic signals, and what to do in case of an accident.
You can get a copy from Driver License Offices or download a pdf-version online .
You are unlikely to pass the exam without studying the manual, so don’t skip this step. If you fail the test, you must pay the fee and wait in line again.
2 Use Practice Tests – They Help You Learn Faster
Each permit practice test has 30 questions from a large pool of questions. The tests help you prepare for the exam and tell you if you are ready for the real exam or not.
You can take as many practice tests as you want. There are no limits and no fees. Aim for a full score on a handful of practice tests before you attempt the real knowledge examination.
Remember, every attempt requires a new testing fee (currently $5.00).
3 Be Active
Cramming the manual and taking endless practice tests may help you pass the knowledge exam, but it will not help you retain the information at the end of the day.
To be a safe driver you should use a strategy that helps you gain real knowledge that sticks over time. Such a strategy includes a focus on active learning.
By applying new knowledge in your everyday life you stimulate the learning parts of your brain even more. Talk about what you are studying, write about it, relate it to things you already know, and try to apply it to daily situations. [ Read more ]
What is an Alabama Graduated Driver License?
Alabama Graduated Driver License (GDL) is a program that allows young drivers gain driving experience through a step-by-step learning model.
The program has three stages:
Learner License (allows practicing with a supervising driver)
Restricted Driver License (allows driving without supervision but with some restrictions)
Unrestricted Driver License (full driving privileges)
Stage I: The Learner License
You must be at least 15 years old to apply for an Alabama Learner License.
You bring necessary documents that show your full name, date of birth, and social security number. Non-citizens must show proof of legal presence in United States. If you are under 19 years, you must also present a current Student Enrollment/Exclusion Form. You get the form from your school or any driver license office.
At the driver license office, you must pass a vision exam, pay a testing fee, and complete the written knowledge examination. If you pass the examination, you pay a license fee and the examiner issues a learner’s permit.
With the permit you can now practice driving when accompanied by a parent, legal guardian or licensed driver who is at least 21 years old. You may also drive when accompanied by a licensed or certified driving instructor.
When you drive you must always have your Learner License with you and a supervising driver must always sit beside you in a front seat. Under no circumstances many you practice driving without a supervising driver.
You must hold the Learner License at least six months before you can move on to stage II.
Stage II: The Restricted License
You must be at least 16 years old to be eligible for an Alabama restricted driver license.
A parent, grandparent, or legal guardian must approve your application.
To be eligible you must have held a Learner License for at least six months and show a log that certifies that you completed 30 hours of driving or proof of a completed Driver Education Course.
You are now ready for the road skills examination. If you pass, the examiner will issue a restricted driver license.
The restricted driver license will allow you to drive alone but with certain restrictions.
With a few exceptions, you cannot drive alone between midnight and 6 a.m.
You cannot carry more than one passenger in the vehicle who is not a parent, legal guardian, or immediate family member.
The use of any handheld communication devices while driving is also prohibited.
Stage III: The Unrestricted License
An unrestricted or full driver’s license allows you to drive alone without any special restrictions.
You must be at least 17 years old to get an unrestricted license.
If you are 17 years, you must hold a stage II restricted license for at least six months before applying.
If you are 18 years, you can bypass the stage II restricted license requirement.
More about the Alabama Graduated License Program
The program does not apply to individuals who are:
18 years or older
17 years or who have had valid driver licenses for six months or longer
16 years or older who are married and considered the head of household.
legally relieved of minority status (the state or period of being below the legal age).
Frequently Asked Questions about the Permit Test and GDL
The Alabama written test for an instruction permit or driver license has 30 questions. The passing score is 80 percent. You must correctly answer at least 24 questions to pass.
The passing score on the Alabama permit test is 80%. You must correctly answer at least 24 questions on a written test with 30 questions.
The written knowledge test is available in the following languages:
No, ALEA does not allow any online testing from your home. You must visit a licensing office to take the knowledge test.
Alabama does not publish official knowledge test failure rates. Test takers, however, grade the difficulty as moderate to hard.
The 30-question test spans over common road signs, traffic signals, safe driving techniques, impaired driving, accident avoidance, and Alabama licensing laws.
Licenseroute,com has published online practice tests since 2008. Tests are reviewed and updated on a regular basis.
Answers to all questions are found in the Driver Manual and you should always compare the information when in doubt. When new laws are introduced, it may take some time before manual, tests, and practice tests are updated to reflect the changes.
If you find such inconsistency, please let us know.
If you think you are ready to take it again, you can do so the same day depending on availability. You must pay a testing fee ($5) each time you take the test.
If you are applying for a learner license and pass the knowledge test, the examiner will issue your learner license which allows you to start driving together with a supervising driver.
You must be at least 15 years old to apply for the Alabama Learner License (Learner Permit). This license allows you to practice driving together with a supervising driver.
You must be at least 16 years old to be eligible for a restricted Alabama driver license. You must hold a learner license for at least six months (if under 18 years) and pass a road skills test before ALEA issues the license.
No. You may only drive when accompanied by a parent, legal guardian or licensed driver who is age 21 or older and occupying the front seat beside you.
Yes, the restricted license allows you to drive without supervision. You must have permission from parent, grandparent or legal guardian to be eligible for a restricted Alabama driver license.
You cannot drive alone during the hours of midnight to 6 a.m. and you must not drive with more than one passenger in the vehicle other than parents, legal guardians or family members.
You must be at least 17 years old.
At age 17, you must have held a restricted (stage II) license for at least six months before applying.
If you are 18 years or older you can apply immediately for the regular driver license (passing score on road skills exam is required).