#1. During an enforcement stop by a police officer, you should:
Hang up your cell phone and turn off your radio. The officer needs your full attention to communicate with you. It is recommended that you roll down your windows after you have stopped your vehicle on the right shoulder of the roadway, and before the officer contacts you. Place your hands in clear view.
#2. When can you park on the roadside of another parked vehicle (double parking)?
Parking on the roadway side of a vehicle already stopped or parked along the edge or curb of the street (double parking) is illegal.
#3. If you are traveling in lane B (beneath a steady yellow X), you must:
Lane-use control signals show how specific lanes of a street or highway should be used. A steady yellow X over a traffic lane means that you must change lanes. Get ready to leave the lane safely.
#4. A center lane marked on both sides by a solid yellow line and a broken yellow line:
If both sides of the center lane are marked by a solid yellow line and a broken yellow line, drivers traveling in either direction may use the lane for making left turns.
#5. Which car or cars are driving in the truck's blind spots?
The yellow (A) car and the red (B) car. Marked areas are the driver’s blind spots.
#6. When passing a motorcycle, you should:
According to the law, you must allow the motorcyclist/moped driver to use one (1) complete lane.
A motorcycle is a full-size vehicle with the same privileges as any vehicle on the roadway. Allow a motorcyclist a full lane width. Although it may seem as though there is enough room in the traffic lane for a vehicle and a motorcycle, remember the motorcycle needs room to maneuver safely. Do not share the lane.
#7. If your vehicle was not covered by insurance for a period of 31 days or longer:
If your vehicle was not covered by insurance for a period of 31 days or longer, your registration privilege will be suspended for three months. In addition, if you operated or permitted the operation of your vehicle without insurance, your driving privilege will also be suspended for a period of three months
#8. What does this sign mean?
Divided highway ahead. The highway ahead is divided into two one-way roadways. Opposing flows of traffic are separated by a median or other physical barrier.
#9. Which of these is a safe driving practice?
You need to continually scan the entire road, including the sides of the road. Check your rear-view mirrors frequently, so you know the position of vehicles near you.
#10. When you see a sign with this shape and color, you must:
Eight-sided red stop signs mean you must make a full stop. Stop before entering a crosswalk or at a white limit line. If a crosswalk or limit line is not painted on the street, stop at the corner without entering the intersection.
#11. When a traffic signal is showing a steady green arrow, you:
A green arrow means you must turn the way the arrow points. When you turn during the green arrow phase, your turn is protected because oncoming traffic is stopped by a red light. If the green arrow turns into a green light, you may still turn in that direction, but first yield to pedestrians and oncoming traffic.
#12. What does this sign mean?
The shoulder drop off sign is used for severe drop-off situations. It means that the shoulder is lower than the road. If you must leave the pavement, slow down and steer firmly.
#13. If there is an oncoming vehicle in your lane, you should:
First, honk your horn to attract attention. If the other driver does not move over, try to escape to the right, if possible. If you swerve left and the other driver corrects at the last instant, you will still crash. If a collision is unavoidable, brake firmly and steadily.
Remember, it is better to swerve right instead of toward oncoming traffic to prevent a crash.
#14. When stopping before a left turn, your front tires should be turned:
Keep your wheels straight to avoid being pushed into oncoming traffic should a rear-end collision occur.
#15. If you want to leave an expressway and miss your exit, you should:
If you miss your exit, do not stop or back up. Go to the next exit, turn around and come back to the exit you missed.
#16. When driving at night, it is hardest to see:
Compared to signs and other roadside objects, pedestrians are hardest to see at night.
#17. Whenever you stop your car and go into a store to make a quick purchase, you:
Before leaving your vehicle, turn off the engine, remove the key and lock all doors. Check for traffic behind you before you get out.
#18. When you approach a school bus displaying yellow flashing lights, you must:
Before a school bus stops, the driver will flash amber warning lights located near the top of the bus. When you see them, slow down and be prepared to stop.
Pennsylvania (PA) Written Knowledge Test
Key numbers for the official permit and driver license test in Pennsylvania:
|Correct answers needed:||15|
|Passing score:||84 percent|
|Earliest retest if you fail:||Next day|
What You Should Know about This Written Test Practice
This written test practice has 18 random questions, just like the real Pennsylvania DMV written test.
Questions are drawn from a pool of more than 500 test questions, which should be enough to help you pass your knowledge exam the first time.
All questions relate to the information in the Pennsylvania Driver’s Manual and official test questions, which means that you don’t study anything that cannot turn up on your real examination.
Remember to always start by getting a copy of the manual. You can get a hard copy from any Driver Licensing office or your driving school. You can also download a PDF-version from the DMV website .
Read the manual to get an overview of everything you need to learn. Somethings you already know, like some of the most common road signs, other things are new.
With this practice test, you can check what you already master and what you should study some more.
You can take the practice test over and over again. It will look different every time you take it.
Feedback plays an important role when you learn through practicing. With this sample test, you will get instant feedback after each question. It will tell you if your answer is correct or not. When you miss a question, there is also a short text to help you understand the correct answer.
The Real Pennsylvania Written Test
The knowledge exam in Pennsylvania has 18 questions. You need 15 correct answers to pass the examination, which means that the passing score is higher than in many other states .
In general, you will be asked to take test on a computer with a touch screen. The test has no time limit. Most test takers finish in less than 10 minutes.
It is a closed book test. You cannot use the manual, books, notes, or any electronic devices during the test.
The test is available in the following languages (including audio support):
If you need any special accommodation to take your exam, please contact your local DMV office in advance.
If you are hearing-impaired and communicate by sign language, the Driver Licensing office will help you to provide an interpreter.
Should you fail the test, you can normally take it again the next business day. The testing fee for your first three attempts is included in your original permit or license fee.
What is on the PA DMV Test?
This is what the law says about the traffic laws exam:
“…a test of the applicant’s ability to read and understand official traffic-control devices, knowledge of safe driving practices and the traffic laws of this Commonwealth.”
There is also at least one question about alcohol or drug use on the test:
“…The traffic laws examination shall contain at least one question relating to the driver’s ability to understand the effects of alcohol and drug use on highway safety or the provisions of section 1547 (relating to chemical testing to determine amount of alcohol or controlled substance)….”
Expect 2-3 questions about common road signs, including their shapes and colors. All signs you need to learn are described in the PA Driver’s Manual.
Is the Pennsylvania Written Test Hard?
18 questions and a passing score of more than 83% give very little room for mistakes. This also shows in the unofficial failure rate on the PA DMV permit test. Among first-time test takers almost 1 out 2 fail the exam.
Surveys also show that the younger a test taker is, the higher the risk of failing the first time. Failure rate is also a result of how much time a test taker spent on preparing for the exam.
Perhaps more interesting is that the use of practice test is important for the chances of passing the exam the first time. Among those who successfully passed, more than 90% had used practice tests while they studied. Among those who failed, only 20% had used online practice tests.
Who Must Pass the Knowledge Examination?
As a first-time applicant, you must always pass a full examination including a written knowledge test, a vision screening, and a road skills test. If you are under 18 years, you must follow the Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) program.
Drivers with a license that is expired more than 6 months.
If you forget to renew a non-commercial license and let it expire for more than six months, you must apply for a new license and take all tests.
Drivers with a foreign license.
Drivers who move to Pennsylvania and hold a license from a country other than United States, Canada, France, or Germany must pass all tests.
If you hold a valid license from another state or territory, Canada, France, or Germany all tests are normally waived.
Drivers with a revoked license.
The restoration of a suspended or revoked license may include new tests. Refer to your restoration requirements letter.
Pennsylvania FAQ – Summary
You can miss only three questions on the Pennsylvania DMV test. There are 18 multiple choice questions on the test, and you must answer 15 questions correctly to pass the test.
There are questions about traffic-control devices (such as common road signs), safe driving practices, and the traffic laws of Pennsylvania. There is at least one question about effects of alcohol and drug use on highway safety.
It is important that you get a copy of the latest Driver's Manual, either as a hard copy or as a PDF-file on your phone, computer, or tablet. Read it to get an overview of what you need to learn and study all parts that are new to you. You must learn all road signs, traffic signals, and pavement markings. You must also know how to handle emergencies and the effects of alcohol and drugs on your driving.
Take several practice tests to check your knowledge and find things that you have missed in the manual.
Quiz yourself about rules or have someone else ask you questions. By putting your own words to questions, you will learn even faster.
Before taking your Knowledge Test, you must complete the Non-Commercial Learner's Permit Application (DL-180). If you are under the age of 18, your parent or guardian must complete the Parent or Guardian Consent Form (DL-180TD). Both forms can be found on our website at www.dmv.pa.gov under the Forms and Publications link at the top of the page.
You should complete both forms before you visit a Driver License Center.
No, Pennsylvania DMV does not allow online testing from home. You must take the test at a Driver Licensing office or through a third-party driving school.
A knowledge test is required for all first-time license applicants, drivers with a license that is expired more than 6 months, drivers with a foreign license from a country other than Canada, France, or Germany. A test may also be required for drivers who wants to restore a revoked license.