Pennsylvania Written Test Practice – 2021 – 500 Questions



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#1. If you park facing uphill on a street with a curb and turn the front wheels to the left:

Headed uphill, turn your front wheels away from the curb and let your vehicle roll back a few inches. The curb will stop the car from rolling anywhere.


#2. Which color are signs that warns you of possible dangers ahead?

Yellow is used for general warning and advisory of unexpected roadway conditions.


#3. When you see this sign, you should:

The side road sign tells you that there is an intersection ahead. Watch out for traffic entering from the side road and oncoming traffic turning.


#4. When are two normal solid white lines used as pavement marking?

Where crossing the lane line markings is prohibited, the lane line markings consist of two normal solid white lines.


#5. If you run off the pavement, you can lose control of the vehicle if you:

If you turn the wheel sharply to get back onto the road, it can cause the vehicle to whip sideways and cross into oncoming traffic. If you brake hard with two (2) wheels on the pavement and two (2) wheels on a soft shoulder, the vehicle will probably skid out of control.


#6. You near an intersection with a stop sign and crosswalk lines but no stop line. Where must you stop?

You must always stop before crossing a marked stop line or crosswalk. If you do not see any lines, you must stop before entering the intersection.


#7. If traffic is backed up at a railroad crossing, you must:

Never drive onto a railroad track until you are sure you can drive all the way across. Make sure the traffic ahead of you will not stop and keep you from crossing. Wait for the traffic to clear before you cross.


#8. Anything that requires you to _______ could cause you to crash.

Distracted driving is any activity that causes you to 1) take your attention away from driving, 2) take your eyes off of the road or 3) take your hands off of the wheel is a distraction. You will not be able to react as quickly if you are distracted.

Driver distraction and inattention to road and traffic conditions are responsible for 25 to 30 percent of police-reported traffic crashes. This adds up to approximately 1.2 million crashes every year.


#9. What can you do to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning?

You should maintain a constant supply of fresh air in your vehicle. This helps you stay alert and guards against carbon monoxide (exhaust gas) poisoning when you drive. If you are stuck in traffic or otherwise sitting in an idling vehicle, make sure to partially open a window.


#10. Headlights are required at any time you cannot clearly see pedestrians or vehicles for a distance of at least:

Turn on your headlights when you cannot see pedestrians or vehicles on the highway for a distance of 1,000 feet ahead.


#11. When an emergency vehicle using flashing lights approaches you from the other direction, you must:

When you hear a siren or see a vehicle approaching with flashing red (or a combination of red and blue) lights, pull over to the curb or edge of the road and stop. Drive parallel and as near to the curb as possible. On one-way streets, drive toward the road edge nearest you. Always stay clear of intersections. If you are in an intersection, drive through the intersection before you pull over. If the light is red, stay where you are. Follow any instructions given over the emergency vehicle’s loudspeaker.


#12. The driver in front of you signals (left arm extended, with elbow bent upward, at about a 90-degree angle):

Right turn – left arm extended, with elbow bent upward, at about a 90-degree angle.


#13. Following this vehicle too closely is unwise because:

Allow a longer following distance than usual when you are following a large vehicle blocking your view ahead. You need extra room to see around the vehicle.

Remember, drivers of trucks, buses, vans, or cars pulling campers or trailers often have large blind spots directly behind them. They may slow down suddenly without knowing you are behind them.


#14. A flashing yellow arrow means that you:

A flashing yellow arrow means you may turn in the direction of the arrow with caution, however, you must first yield to oncoming traffic and pedestrians. When you turn during the flashing yellow arrow phase, your turn is NOT protected, oncoming traffic will have a green light.


#15. First offense of Driving Under the Influence (DUI) by a minor under 21 years of age, will result in:

The high-rate table also applies to drivers under age 21 with a BAC of .02 or more. For the first offence, penalties are: 2 days to 6 months in prison, $500 – $5,000 fine, and a 12-month suspension.


#16. Shifting to a lower gear when going down a steep hill:

This sign warns of a steep hill ahead. Slow down and be ready to shift to a lower gear to control your speed and to save wear and tear on your brakes.


#17. When passing a bicyclist, you should:

When passing, maintain a safe operating distance between your car and a bicyclist. Move as far to the left as possible and safe. Pass a bicyclist only when road and traffic conditions dictate that it is safe to do so. Check over your shoulder after passing a bicyclist and before moving back to normal position.


#18. Red and blue signs in the shape of a shield mark:

This is an example of an Interstate route sign.

The shape and color of route number signs indicate the type of roadway: interstate, U.S., state, city, or county road. When planning a trip, use a road map to determine your route. During the trip, follow the route signs to prevent you from getting lost.

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Pennsylvania (PA) Written Knowledge Test

Key numbers for the official permit and driver license test in Pennsylvania:

Test Questions:18
Correct answers needed:15
Passing score:84 percent
Time limit:No
Earliest retest if you fail:Next day

Pennsylvania PA Written Test Practice - Photo by William Fortunato

What You Should Know about This Written Test Practice

This written test practice has 18 random questions, just like the real Pennsylvania DMV written test.

Questions are drawn from a pool of more than 500 test questions, which should be enough to help you pass your knowledge exam the first time.

All questions relate to the information in the Pennsylvania Driver’s Manual and official test questions, which means that you don’t study anything that cannot turn up on your real examination.

Remember to always start by getting a copy of the manual. You can get a hard copy from any Driver Licensing office or your driving school. You can also download a PDF-version from the DMV website .

Read the manual to get an overview of everything you need to learn. Somethings you already know, like some of the most common road signs, other things are new.

With this practice test, you can check what you already master and what you should study some more.

You can take the practice test over and over again. It will look different every time you take it.

Feedback plays an important role when you learn through practicing. With this sample test, you will get instant feedback after each question. It will tell you if your answer is correct or not. When you miss a question, there is also a short text to help you understand the correct answer.

The Real Pennsylvania Written Test

The knowledge exam in Pennsylvania has 18 questions. You need 15 correct answers to pass the examination, which means that the passing score is higher than in many other states .

In general, you will be asked to take test on a computer with a touch screen. The test has no time limit. Most test takers finish in less than 10 minutes.

It is a closed book test. You cannot use the manual, books, notes, or any electronic devices during the test.

The test is available in the following languages (including audio support):

  Chinese (Mandarin)

If you need any special accommodation to take your exam, please contact your local DMV office in advance.

If you are hearing-impaired and communicate by sign language, the Driver Licensing office will help you to provide an interpreter.

Should you fail the test, you can normally take it again the next business day. The testing fee for your first three attempts is included in your original permit or license fee.

What is on the PA DMV Test?

This is what the law says about the traffic laws exam:

“…a test of the applicant’s ability to read and understand official traffic-control devices, knowledge of safe driving practices and the traffic laws of this Commonwealth.”

There is also at least one question about alcohol or drug use on the test:

“…The traffic laws examination shall contain at least one question relating to the driver’s ability to understand the effects of alcohol and drug use on highway safety or the provisions of section 1547 (relating to chemical testing to determine amount of alcohol or controlled substance)….”

Expect 2-3 questions about common road signs, including their shapes and colors. All signs you need to learn are described in the PA Driver’s Manual.

Is the Pennsylvania Written Test Hard?

Hard - DMV Test difficulty grading by licenseroute

18 questions and a passing score of more than 83% give very little room for mistakes. This also shows in the unofficial failure rate on the PA DMV permit test. Among first-time test takers almost 1 out 2 fail the exam.

Surveys also show that the younger a test taker is, the higher the risk of failing the first time. Failure rate is also a result of how much time a test taker spent on preparing for the exam.

Perhaps more interesting is that the use of practice test is important for the chances of passing the exam the first time. Among those who successfully passed, more than 90% had used practice tests while they studied. Among those who failed, only 20% had used online practice tests.

Who Must Pass the Knowledge Examination?

  First-time applicants.

As a first-time applicant, you must always pass a full examination including a written knowledge test, a vision screening, and a road skills test. If you are under 18 years, you must follow the Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) program.

  Drivers with a license that is expired more than 6 months.

If you forget to renew a non-commercial license and let it expire for more than six months, you must apply for a new license and take all tests.

  Drivers with a foreign license.

Drivers who move to Pennsylvania and hold a license from a country other than United States, Canada, France, or Germany must pass all tests.

If you hold a valid license from another state or territory, Canada, France, or Germany all tests are normally waived.

  Drivers with a revoked license.

The restoration of a suspended or revoked license may include new tests. Refer to your restoration requirements letter.

Pennsylvania FAQ – Summary

There are questions about traffic-control devices (such as common road signs), safe driving practices, and the traffic laws of Pennsylvania. There is at least one question about effects of alcohol and drug use on highway safety.

It is important that you get a copy of the latest Driver's Manual, either as a hard copy or as a PDF-file on your phone, computer, or tablet. Read it to get an overview of what you need to learn and study all parts that are new to you. You must learn all road signs, traffic signals, and pavement markings. You must also know how to handle emergencies and the effects of alcohol and drugs on your driving.

Take several practice tests to check your knowledge and find things that you have missed in the manual.

Quiz yourself about rules or have someone else ask you questions. By putting your own words to questions, you will learn even faster.

Before taking your Knowledge Test, you must complete the Non-Commercial Learner's Permit Application (DL-180). If you are under the age of 18, your parent or guardian must complete the Parent or Guardian Consent Form (DL-180TD). Both forms can be found on our website at under the Forms and Publications link at the top of the page.

You should complete both forms before you visit a Driver License Center.

No, Pennsylvania DMV does not allow online testing from home. You must take the test at a Driver Licensing office or through a third-party driving school.

A knowledge test is required for all first-time license applicants, drivers with a license that is expired more than 6 months, drivers with a foreign license from a country other than Canada, France, or Germany. A test may also be required for drivers who wants to restore a revoked license.

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