Massachusetts Learner’s Permit & Junior Operator License – Test Practice

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#1. You are driving on an interstate when you suddenly have a flat tire. What should you do?

If you get a flat tire, your tire blows out, or you lose a wheel:

  • Grip the steering wheel tightly and slowly remove your foot from the gas pedal.
  • Gently apply the brakes.
  • If you begin to skid, turn the steering wheel in the direction of the skid.
  • Gently straighten the car. Do not use the brake until you have the vehicle under control.
  • Pull your car off the road as soon as it is safe.
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#2. You approach this road sign. What must you do ahead?

Pedestrian Crossing Ahead. This sign tells you that you are near an area where a large number of pedestrians cross the street. Slow down and watch for people crossing the street on foot. Pedestrians in crosswalks must be given the right-of-way at all times.

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#3. A vehicle carrying this sign attached to the back:

Most farm vehicles, construction rigs, and other slow-moving vehicles have orange warning signs attached to the back. If you approach one, reduce your speed and use caution. Treat them similar to bicyclists and pedestrians. Leave plenty of space around the vehicle if you plan to pass.

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#4. If your vehicle is equipped with air bags, you should:

Move the front seat back. You should move the driver’s seat and front passenger seat as far back from the dashboard as you can. This is safer and makes it easier to drive. Remember, air bags do not replace safety belts.

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#5. A holder of a class D learner's permit must be accompanied by a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old and has at least:

You must be accompanied by a licensed operator who occupies the passenger seat next to you and is at least 21 years old, holds a valid driver’s license from Massachusetts or another state, and has at least one year of driving experience.

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#6. This is the shape and color of a:

A stop sign has eight sides and is red with white letters. A stop sign always means come to a complete halt and applies to each vehicle that comes to the sign. You must stop before any crosswalk or stop line painted on the pavement. Come to a complete stop, yield to pedestrians or other vehicles, and go carefully. Just slowing down is not enough.

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#7. After stopping, left turns on a red light are:

A steady red light means stop. Do not go until the light turns green. You can make a right turn on a red light only after you come to a complete stop and yield to pedestrians or other vehicles in your path. You may not turn on red if a No Turn On Red sign is posted. You can turn left on a red light when driving on a one-way street and turning left onto another one-way street. Stop and yield to pedestrians and other vehicles before turning.

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#8. Emotions affect your driving. If you feel angry or upset, you should:

Emotions like anger and depression can cause you to drive carelessly.

You should never drive in the following cases:

  • When you have been drinking alcohol.
  • When you have taken any prescription drug or over-the-counter medication that can cause drowsiness.
  • If you are under the influence of any drug.
  • When you are very tired.
  • When you are upset.
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#9. You want to turn right at an intersection. A pedestrian with a guide dog is ready to cross the street in front of you. Before making the turn you should:

Pedestrians using a guide dog or other service animal or carrying a white cane must always be given the right-of-way. The White Cane Law states that a driver must come to a complete stop when a blind pedestrian is crossing a street. You must remain stopped until the person has safely crossed. Do not use your horn as it could confuse or frighten the pedestrian or the service animal.

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#10. Which is true about tailgating (following another vehicle too closely)?

Never tailgate a vehicle in front of you. Tailgating is illegal and the main cause of rear-end crashes. The fine for tailgating can be as high as $100.

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#11. Driving over an unprotected fire hose on the road is allowed:

Do not drive over an unprotected fire hose unless directed to by a firefighter or public safety official.

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#12. What kind of sign is this?

This is an Advisory Speed sign. It shows the recommended speed to use. Remember, regulatory signs are black and white (or red and white), warning signs are yellow.

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#13. What does this sign mean?

The road curves to the left. Note the difference between road curves and road turns signs.

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#14. What does this sign mean?

Traffic signal ahead. Slow down and be prepared to stop, if necessary.

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#15. What should you do to avoid glare from high-beam headlights of an approaching car at night?

Looking to the right side of the road, away from the glare, can help. Persons whose eyes do not adjust quickly after passing glaring bright lights have a very serious problem. The best solution is to limit driving to daylight hours only.

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#16. Whenever you stop your car and go into a store to make a quick purchase, you:

When you leave your vehicle by itself, state law requires you to stop the motor, set the brake, make sure the ignition is locked, remove your key, and lock the door.

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#17. It is wrong to use your horn:

It is important to know how to use your vehicle’s safety equipment. Use your horn to:

  • Warn pedestrians or other drivers of possible trouble
  • Avoid crashes

Do not use your horn:

  • To show anger or complain about other drivers’ mistakes
  • To try to get a slower driver to move faster
  • To try to get other vehicles moving in a traffic jam
  • Around horses or horse-drawn vehicles
  • Around blind pedestrians
  • Around bicyclists, unless there is an immediate danger.
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#18. This type of drum is used:

Road work or construction areas are protected from traffic by orange warning signs and other devices. They help to guide you safely through a work zone and past any hazards.

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#19. Which of these statements about drugs and driving is true?

Almost any drug can affect your driving skills. Illegal drugs, prescription medicines, and over-the-counter medicines can all make it dangerous to drive. Make sure you read labels carefully and know the side effects of prescription or over-the-counter medicines. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.

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#20. If you are involved in a collision you must show your driver license to:

Exchange name, address, driver’s license number, vehicle registration, and insurance information with anyone who is injured and with any other drivers involved. You must show your driver’s license and registration, if asked to.

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#21. For a first drag racing citation, a Junior Operator license will be suspended for:

For a first drag racing citation, a Junior Operator license will be suspended for one year. A later drag racing citation will cause a three-year suspension.

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#22. If you see flashing red lights at a railroad crossing, you must stop and keep this distance from the light post or gate:

You must stop at least 15 feet before the light post or gate.

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#23. What does the markings in center lane (B) mean?

Always use traffic lanes as they are defined by pavement markings and road signs. When a lane is marked with both a curved and straight arrow, turning or proceeding straight ahead is allowed. When a lane is marked with a curved arrow and the word ONLY, you must turn in the direction of the arrow.

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#24. After passing a vehicle, it is safe to return to your lane when:

Make sure there is enough distance between you and the other vehicle before moving back into the right lane. Wait at least until you can see the vehicle’s headlights in your mirror.

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#25. It is illegal to use a handheld cell phone while driving, unless you are:

Operators over the age of 18 can use mobile phones for calls as long as one hand remains on the steering wheel at all times. However, the use of a mobile phone must not interfere with driving and cannot be used for texting.

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RMV Test Practice

Take a test practice with 25 random questions covering the most important areas of your knowledge exam.

The Best Way to Study for Your RMV Knowledge Exam

Start by getting the RMV driver’s manual. You need the latest version, which is available online .

Under normal circumstances, the manual is also available for purchase at a RMV Service Center for $5.

After studying the manual, you are ready for some practice tests. You can take them as often as you like. Each test pulls random questions from a larger set. They cover all important parts of the manual.

If you are smart, you aim for a full score on each test. It gives you a good safety margin for the real test.

Massachusetts Graduated License Law – What You Need to Know

Graduated license laws have been introduced in most states in U.S. They let new, young drivers practice driving with a supervising adult and impose restrictions to help new drivers minimize the risk of accidents.

Restrictions are removed as young drivers advance from learner’s permits to provisional licenses and finally into unrestricted driver’s licenses.

In Massachusetts, this law is known as the Junior Operator License (JOL) Law. A young driver starts with a learner’s permit and moves through a junior operator license phase before earning a full operator license.



Apply for a Massachusetts Learner’s Permit

All new drivers who haven’t been licensed before must start with a learner’s permit, regardless of age.

You must be at least 16 years old to get a learner’s permit.

To get your learner’s permit, you must complete an application, present ID documents that show your full name, birth date, Social Security Number, and Massachusetts address , and pay the $50.00 fee. Non-citizens must also prove their lawful presence.

Currently, you must start your application online and make an appointment to visit a Service Center to provide required identification documentation.

Once your application and documents have been processed and verified at a Service Center, you will take a vision test and get login instructions and credentials to complete your knowledge test online at home.

The knowledge test has 25 questions, and you need at least 18 correct answers to pass the test.

With some solid test practice on this website, you will probably pass without any problems.

After you have passed the written knowledge test, RMV issues your learner’s permit

Woman taking the knowledge test

Knowledge Test Summary

    Number of questions on the test: 25
    Number of correct answers to pass: 18
    Passing score: 72%
    Allotted test time: 25 minutes
    Waiting time before you can take the test again: n/a
    Available languages: 26 (4 on the home test)

The passing score is among the lowest in United States , but it doesn’t make the Massachusetts knowledge test the easiest. The failure rate is estimated to 25%.

You have 25 minutes to complete the test, which is usually more than enough.

Should you fail your knowledge exam, there is no official waiting time to try again. If you have the online test at home, you will get instructions at the end of the test on how to pay for and take a new one.

A re-test at a service center does, however, depend on availability. You may have to wait a few days to take the exam again.

Can I take the Massachusetts online permit test in another language?

The online version of the learner’s permit exam is currently (November 2020) available in English, Spanish, Portuguese, and Mandarin.

The following languages are available at automated testing station (ATS) at your RMV service center: Arabic, Armenian, Burmese, Cambodian (Khmer), Chinese (simplified), Farsi, French, German, Greek, Gujarati, Haitian/Creole, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean Laotian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian (Latin), Somali, Tagalog/Filipino, Thai, Urdu, and Vietnamese.

With a Learner’s Permit You Can Practice Driving

With your learner’s permit you can start driving, but you must, regardless of age, always be accompanied by a licensed driver who is at least 21 years of age. The person must also have at least one year of driving experience and occupy the seat beside you.

If you are under 18 years, you may not drive between 12:00 a.m. (midnight) and 5:00 a.m. unless the supervising driver beside you is your parent or legal guardian.

When you practice driving you must always carry your learner’s permit with you.

Teenager behind the wheel practice

Massachusetts Junior Operator License (JOL)

A Junior Operator License is the second step in Massachusetts Graduated Licensing program. It is an intermediate or provisional license that comes with certain restrictions.

If you are between ages 16 1/2 and 18, you must comply with these requirements to obtain a JOL.

  • Complete an approved driver education and training program with
    • 30 hours of classroom instruction
    • 12 hours of behind-the-wheel training
    • 6 hours of in-car experience observing other student drivers.
  • Hold learner’s permit and maintain a clean driving record for at least six consecutive months before taking the road test.
  • Complete at least 40 hours of supervised, behind-the-wheel driving (30 hours if you completed a driver skills development program).
  • A parent or guardian must participate in two hours of instruction on the driver’s education curriculum.
  • Pass a final exam to have a driver’s education certificate electronically filed with RMV.

JOL License Passenger Restriction

Within the first six months after receiving your JOL, you cannot drive with any passenger under 18 years is in the vehicle.

This restriction doesn’t apply if the passenger is an immediate family member.

You may also carry passengers under 18 if you are accompanied by a person who is at least 21 years old, has at least one year of driving experience, holds a valid driver’s license from Massachusetts or another state, and is occupying a seat beside you.

The passenger restriction is lifted once you complete the six-month period or you reach age 18, whichever comes first.

JOL License Night Driving Restriction

As the holder of a junior operator license, you are not allowed to drive a motor vehicle between 12:30 a.m. and 5:00 a.m. (see details in the Massachusetts Driver’s Manual ).

The restriction doesn’t apply if you are accompanied by one of your parents or your legal guardian.

If you violate of this curfew, you may be charged with operating a motor vehicle without being licensed, which is a criminal violation.

Cell Phones and Electronic Devices

You may not use any mobile electronic device for any reason while operating a motor vehicle. The only exception is for reporting an emergency.

Violating Junior Operator License Restrictions

judge with gavel

If you violate the passenger restriction or the night restriction, you will be subject to a license suspension of 60 days for a first offense, 180 days for a second offense, and one year for subsequent offenses. Note that this is an administrative suspension. It comes in addition to any penalties imposed by a court.

For a second or subsequent offense, you will also be required to complete a Driver Attitudinal Retraining course.

The Road Test

Taking a road test

For a Class D license, including a JOL, you need a sponsor for your road test. When you arrive at the test location, you must be accompanied by a licensed operator who meets the same requirements as the supervising driver.

If you are not accompanied by a sponsor, you will not be given the Class D road test.



Under normal circumstances, the vehicle you use for your Class D road test must be safe and in good working order. You must show your vehicle registration to the examiner and the vehicle must be inspected. If your vehicle is registered out of state, you must show proof of insurance coverage equal to Massachusetts minimum limits.

During the 2020-2021 pandemic state of emergency, however, road test vehicles are provided by the RMV.

If you are under age 18, you must maintain a clean driving record for the six consecutive months immediately preceding the date you apply for the test. If you had any at-fault crashes, moving violations, or drug or alcohol related violations, you will not be given the road test.


Photo credits: stokkete, lopolo, Warren Goldswain, and Burmakin Andrey



COVID-19 Information

COVID-19 Information

No visits on walk-in basis are currently accepted.

If you cannot complete a transaction online and need to visit a service location, you must make an appointment.

Appointment reservations can only be made online . Time slots are available on a rolling basis up to 14 business days in advance.

You will get a confirmation email that you must show on arrival at your Service Center.

Remember to wear a mask or face covering in public to slow the spread of COVID-19 and help keep MA headed in the right direction.

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Remember, test practice is your key to success.

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