Massachusetts Learner’s Permit & Junior Operator License – Test Practice

Massachusetts Junior Operator License

RMV Test Practice

Take a test practice with 25 random questions covering the most important areas of your knowledge exam.

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#1. Yellow is used as background color on traffic signs that convey:

Yellow is used as background on general warning signs. Such signs warn you of hazards or changes in conditions ahead. The road layout may be changing, you may be coming to a school zone, or there may be a special situation ahead. Slow down and obey the sign.

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#2. When you park on a hill headed downhill and there is a curb, you should turn your front wheels:

You must turn your front wheels in the proper direction to stop it from rolling downhill if the brake fails. No curb: turn your wheels inward, toward the edge of the road. Uphill against a curb: turn your wheels outward, toward the travel lane. Downhill against a curb: turn your wheels inward, toward the curb.

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#3. On this road (yellow lines), traffic flows in:

Yellow lane lines mark the center of a road and separate lanes of traffic moving in opposite directions. Single yellow lines may also mark the left edge of the pavement on divided highways and one-way streets. Solid yellow lines prohibit vehicles from crossing to pass another vehicle. Broken yellow lines indicate that passing is permitted.

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#4. A pedestrian has entered a crosswalk and should be given the right-of-way:

You must always yield to pedestrians who are in a roadway.

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#5. When should you use your high-beam headlights?

Only use high beams in dark areas where you cannot see the road surface ahead. Do not use high beams in fog, heavy rain or snow, and when there is oncoming traffic. You must lower your high beam headlights to low beam when you are within 500 feet of an oncoming vehicle or within 200 feet of a vehicle traveling ahead of you.

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#6. When a traffic signal is showing a red arrow:

You can make a right turn on a red light only after you come to a complete stop and yield to pedestrians or other vehicles in your path. You may not turn on red if a NO TURN ON RED sign is posted. A steady red arrow applies to vehicles going in the direction of the arrow and means the same as a steady red, circular signal.

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#7. Which is true about alcohol?

Each year in the United States, alcohol causes nearly 40 percent of all highway deaths. This does not include the thousands of drivers, passengers, and pedestrians who are seriously hurt or permanently disabled. It does not include the millions of dollars of damage. It does not include the tragedies that friends and families must face. All of this is caused by drivers operating under the influence (OUI) of alcohol or drugs.

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#8. You can drive off the pavement to pass another vehicle on the right:

Never use a breakdown lane, the shoulder of a road, or a sidewalk for passing another vehicle.

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#9. Upon sale of your vehicle you must remove the license plates, and then you are required to:

Whenever you sell a motor vehicle, you must sign the Certificate of Title over to the new owner and either:Turn in the plates and cancel the registration, or Transfer the plates to another vehicle you own according to the seven-day registration transfer lawYou may also Submit a signed statement that the plate was destroyed, lost, stolen, or mutilated. If you do not have at least one plate in your possession, or if you have reported your plate(s) stolen to law enforcement, you must complete an Affidavit for Cancellation of Registration for Lost Plate(s).

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#10. When passing a motorcycle driving ahead of you in your lane, you must:

When passing a motorcycle, allow a full lane to the motorcycle. Never crowd into the same lane as the motorcycle. Returning to the original lane too soon can force a rider to swerve to the right into traffic or off the road.

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#11. A lane with this pavement marking is reserved for bicyclists:

Shared Lane Markings (also known as Sharrows) help bicyclists position themselves in the right location and in the right direction in a lane that is shared with motor vehicles. By following these markings, bicyclists can avoid being hit by the open door of a parked vehicle or getting squeezed next to a motor vehicle in a narrow lane. When you see a Shared Lane Marking, you must look out for the presence of bicyclists and make sure that you leave them enough space when passing. Shared Lane Markings are not the same as the bicycle symbols that are used to mark bicycle lanes.

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#12. True or false? On a roadway separated by a physical barrier, you must stop for a school bus that is displaying flashing red lights and has stopped on the other side of the roadway.

If a school bus or a school pupil transport vehicle has its lights flashing and a stop sign extended, you must stop. It is the law. It does not matter which side of the road you are traveling on. The only exception to this law is if a school bus has stopped on the other side of a divided highway with a barrier between travel directions. In this case, you do not have to stop.

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#13. When driving at night, you should make sure you can stop:

Drive slower at night. You should always keep a speed that will let you react and stop safely within the distance you can see ahead.

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#14. If you need to use arm signals, how would you signal a slowdown and stop?

Slowing or stop – left arm extended downward, with palm of hand to the rear.

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#15. Unless otherwise posted, what is the legal speed limit in a school zone?

The speed limit on roads near schools is 20 mph. This can be posted in various ways. Speed limit signs may have flashing yellow lights or be posted for certain hours of the day. Look closely for signs saying you are approaching or entering a school zone.

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#16. If you are caught driving 73 mph in a posted work zone with a posted speed limit of 60 mph, it will result in a fine of:

If you are caught driving 73 mph in a posted work zone with a posted speed limit of 60 mph, it will result in a fine of $270. The lowest penalty for driving above the speed limit is a $105 fine. If you drive more than ten miles per hour (mph) over the speed limit, you must pay an extra $10 for each mph you were traveling above the first ten. If you are caught speeding in a posted work zone, the speeding fine is doubled. (105 30) x 2

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#17. What does this sign mean?

You may not turn right or left during the red light where these signs are posted. You must wait for the signal to turn green.

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#18. When making a turn at an intersection:

Do not swing your vehicle out of your lane when making a turn or swing wide through the intersection. If you need to change lanes, do so after you turn.

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#19. In Massachusetts, safety belts must be used by:

Massachusetts law requires every occupant of a private passenger motor vehicle to wear a safety belt (or ride in a child passenger restraint).

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#20. Before entering another roadway, you see this sign. What does it tell you?

Added lane sign. Two roadways are converging, but you are not required to merge. Watch for traffic in the left lane which may move into the right lane. Before moving into the left lane (if needed) check to make sure it is clear while signaling before changing lanes.

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#21. During a traffic stop by a police officer, you should:

During a traffic stop you should carefully and slowly move your vehicle completely to the right side of the road. Roll down your window as the officer walks toward you. Keep your hands in plain sight and tell your passengers to do the same. Do not make any sudden movements or gestures that could seem threatening.

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#22. What does this sign mean?

Divided highway ahead (divided highway begins). You are getting close to the place where two-way traffic will be divided by a center strip. Each roadway is one-way. Stay to the right.

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#23. If your gas pedal sticks, it is extremely dangerous to:

If your gas pedal sticks:Put your car in neutral and press the brake pedal to slow down. Try to free the gas pedal with your foot. If the gas pedal does not release, reapply the brakes. Keep your eyes on the road. When safe, pull your vehicle to the side of the road and bring it to a stop.Never turn your vehicle’s ignition to the lock position while it is still in motion. This will cause the steering to lock if you try to turn the steering wheel, and you will lose control of your vehicle.

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#24. Within five days, you must file a report with both the RMV and the local police department if you

Within five days of the crash, you must file a crash report with both the RMV and the local police department. You must report any crash that caused injury or death or that caused $1,000 or more of property damage.

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#25. A three-second rule is used for:

Always maintain enough distance between your vehicle and the one in front of you. The three-second rule is a minimum safe distance for good road conditions and moderate traffic. Count more for added safety and when traffic allows.

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The Best Way to Study for Your RMV Knowledge Exam

Start by getting the RMV driver’s manual. You need the latest version, which is available online .

Under normal circumstances, the manual is also available for purchase at a RMV Service Center for $5.

After studying the manual, you are ready for some practice tests. You can take them as often as you like. Each test pulls random questions from a larger set. They cover all important parts of the manual.

If you are smart, you aim for a full score on each test. It gives you a good safety margin for the real test.

Massachusetts Graduated License Law – What You Need to Know

Graduated license laws have been introduced in most states in U.S. They let new, young drivers practice driving with a supervising adult and impose restrictions to help new drivers minimize the risk of accidents.

Restrictions are removed as young drivers advance from learner’s permits to provisional licenses and finally into unrestricted driver’s licenses.

In Massachusetts, this law is known as the Junior Operator License (JOL) Law. A young driver starts with a learner’s permit and moves through a junior operator license phase before earning a full operator license.



Apply for a Massachusetts Learner’s Permit

All new drivers who haven’t been licensed before must start with a learner’s permit, regardless of age.

You must be at least 16 years old to get a learner’s permit.

To get your learner’s permit, you must complete an application, present ID documents that show your full name, birth date, Social Security Number, and Massachusetts address , and pay the $50.00 fee. Non-citizens must also prove their lawful presence.

Currently, you must start your application online and make an appointment to visit a Service Center to provide required identification documentation.

Once your application and documents have been processed and verified at a Service Center, you will take a vision test and get login instructions and credentials to complete your knowledge test online at home.

The knowledge test has 25 questions, and you need at least 18 correct answers to pass the test.

With some solid test practice on this website, you will probably pass without any problems.

After you have passed the written knowledge test, RMV issues your learner’s permit

Woman taking the knowledge test

Knowledge Test Summary

    Number of questions on the test: 25
    Number of correct answers to pass: 18
    Passing score: 72%
    Allotted test time: 25 minutes
    Waiting time before you can take the test again: n/a
    Available languages: 26 (4 on the home test)

The passing score is among the lowest in United States , but it doesn’t make the Massachusetts knowledge test the easiest. The failure rate is estimated to 25%.

You have 25 minutes to complete the test, which is usually more than enough.

Should you fail your knowledge exam, there is no official waiting time to try again. If you have the online test at home, you will get instructions at the end of the test on how to pay for and take a new one.

A re-test at a service center does, however, depend on availability. You may have to wait a few days to take the exam again.

Can I take the Massachusetts online permit test in another language?

The online version of the learner’s permit exam is currently (November 2020) available in English, Spanish, Portuguese, and Mandarin.

The following languages are available at automated testing station (ATS) at your RMV service center: Arabic, Armenian, Burmese, Cambodian (Khmer), Chinese (simplified), Farsi, French, German, Greek, Gujarati, Haitian/Creole, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean Laotian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian (Latin), Somali, Tagalog/Filipino, Thai, Urdu, and Vietnamese.

With a Learner’s Permit You Can Practice Driving

With your learner’s permit you can start driving, but you must, regardless of age, always be accompanied by a licensed driver who is at least 21 years of age. The person must also have at least one year of driving experience and occupy the seat beside you.

If you are under 18 years, you may not drive between 12:00 a.m. (midnight) and 5:00 a.m. unless the supervising driver beside you is your parent or legal guardian.

When you practice driving you must always carry your learner’s permit with you.

Teenager behind the wheel practice

Massachusetts Junior Operator License (JOL)

A Junior Operator License is the second step in Massachusetts Graduated Licensing program. It is an intermediate or provisional license that comes with certain restrictions.

If you are between ages 16 1/2 and 18, you must comply with these requirements to obtain a JOL.

  • Complete an approved driver education and training program with
    • 30 hours of classroom instruction
    • 12 hours of behind-the-wheel training
    • 6 hours of in-car experience observing other student drivers.
  • Hold learner’s permit and maintain a clean driving record for at least six consecutive months before taking the road test.
  • Complete at least 40 hours of supervised, behind-the-wheel driving (30 hours if you completed a driver skills development program).
  • A parent or guardian must participate in two hours of instruction on the driver’s education curriculum.
  • Pass a final exam to have a driver’s education certificate electronically filed with RMV.

JOL License Passenger Restriction

Within the first six months after receiving your JOL, you cannot drive with any passenger under 18 years is in the vehicle.

This restriction doesn’t apply if the passenger is an immediate family member.

You may also carry passengers under 18 if you are accompanied by a person who is at least 21 years old, has at least one year of driving experience, holds a valid driver’s license from Massachusetts or another state, and is occupying a seat beside you.

The passenger restriction is lifted once you complete the six-month period or you reach age 18, whichever comes first.

JOL License Night Driving Restriction

As the holder of a junior operator license, you are not allowed to drive a motor vehicle between 12:30 a.m. and 5:00 a.m. (see details in the Massachusetts Driver’s Manual ).

The restriction doesn’t apply if you are accompanied by one of your parents or your legal guardian.

If you violate of this curfew, you may be charged with operating a motor vehicle without being licensed, which is a criminal violation.

Cell Phones and Electronic Devices

You may not use any mobile electronic device for any reason while operating a motor vehicle. The only exception is for reporting an emergency.

Violating Junior Operator License Restrictions

judge with gavel

If you violate the passenger restriction or the night restriction, you will be subject to a license suspension of 60 days for a first offense, 180 days for a second offense, and one year for subsequent offenses. Note that this is an administrative suspension. It comes in addition to any penalties imposed by a court.

For a second or subsequent offense, you will also be required to complete a Driver Attitudinal Retraining course.

The Road Test

Taking a road test

For a Class D license, including a JOL, you need a sponsor for your road test. When you arrive at the test location, you must be accompanied by a licensed operator who meets the same requirements as the supervising driver.

If you are not accompanied by a sponsor, you will not be given the Class D road test.



Under normal circumstances, the vehicle you use for your Class D road test must be safe and in good working order. You must show your vehicle registration to the examiner and the vehicle must be inspected. If your vehicle is registered out of state, you must show proof of insurance coverage equal to Massachusetts minimum limits.

During the 2020-2021 pandemic state of emergency, however, road test vehicles are provided by the RMV.

If you are under age 18, you must maintain a clean driving record for the six consecutive months immediately preceding the date you apply for the test. If you had any at-fault crashes, moving violations, or drug or alcohol related violations, you will not be given the road test.


Photo credits: stokkete, lopolo, Warren Goldswain, and Burmakin Andrey



COVID-19 Information

COVID-19 Information

No visits on walk-in basis are currently accepted.

If you cannot complete a transaction online and need to visit a service location, you must make an appointment.

Appointment reservations can only be made online . Time slots are available on a rolling basis up to 14 business days in advance.

You will get a confirmation email that you must show on arrival at your Service Center.

Remember to wear a mask or face covering in public to slow the spread of COVID-19 and help keep MA headed in the right direction.

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Remember, test practice is your key to success.

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