Does a Green Arrow Signal Give You the Right-of-Way?

DMV Test Question about Green Arrow Signal

You approach an intersection with a traffic control light and there is a green arrow signal in your lane. The green arrow points in the direction you wish to turn. Does the arrow give you the right-of-way?

  • A. Yes, all other traffic must yield.
  • B. No, you must still yield to vehicles and pedestrians lawfully in the intersection.

The correct answer is B.

Green Arrow Traffic Signal

What the Green Arrow Signal Means

The green arrow indicates a protected turn. When lighted, you may turn only in the direction of the arrow. Traffic coming from the opposite direction or traffic that could interfere with your turn is stopped by a red light.

When proceeding through the intersection, you must still use caution. If other vehicles or pedestrians have entered the intersection before your green arrow came on, wait until the intersection clears. By law, you must still yield the right of way to pedestrians lawfully within a crosswalk and to other traffic lawfully using the intersection.

Pay special attention to vehicles from opposite direction that may turn right against the red light. While they must stop and yield before proceeding, they may not always be fully aware of left-turning vehicles and may not see you. Don’t insist on the right-of-way in this situation. It is better to slow down and let right-turning vehicles enter smoothly.

Green Arrow Together with Other Signals

The green arrow may be displayed by its own or together with other signals. If you see a green arrow together with a circular red signal, it means that you may turn in the direction of the arrow. Traffic going in any other direction is stopped by the circular red signal. The first time you see this combination, it may be a bit confusing. If you are in the correct lane, follow the green arrow signal.

When the green arrow is replaced by a solid yellow arrow, it means that the protected turning time is ending. You should be prepared to obey the next signal, which is not always the red arrow or a circular red signal. It may be a circular green signal.

Solid Yellow Arrow

You should come to a stop when solid yellow arrow is shown, unless you are too close to the intersection to stop safely. Watch carefully for oncoming traffic.

If you have stopped, don’t enter the intersection again until a circular green signal, green arrow, or flashing yellow arrow is shown – and it is safe to do so!

Note that oncoming traffic will no longer be stopped by a red light when the green signal or flashing yellow arrow comes on. This is known as an unprotected turn, and you must yield to all vehicles and pedestrians close enough to be a hazard.

Flashing Yellow Arrow

The flashing yellow arrow means you may turn in the direction of the arrow, but oncoming traffic is NOT stopped by a red light. Proceed carefully through the intersection and only when it is safe to do so.

Definition of Right-of-Way

The right-of-way in traffic is the right to move onto or across a road before other people or vehicles. You should remember that the law doesn’t give anyone the right-of-way. The law only states who must yield.

Even if other vehicles have the duty to yield to you, never insist on the “right-of-way”. It is better to give up the “right-of-way” whenever it may prevent an accident. Be courteous and patient. It makes the roads safer for everyone.


  1. I got caught in a “do not block” intersection when turning left, following a left arrow green light. Because 3 cars turned right on red, before me. Stuck in the intersection, facing a motorcycle patrolman. Sitting duck! I was ticketed for failing to obey stop light. I said “it was green when I entered the intersection”. I normally stop for yellow is what bothers me. I didn’t like being out there. It felt dangerous. The patrolman said I should have been able to predict the need to yield. I believe I am not clairvoyant. And if the intersection has a red,yellow,green light, it should also include a “no right on red” sign? Both directions traffic is coming from freeway exits. Anyone else think I should have “predicted” this? I wish I could have. I don’t feel totally at fault, and I wish I could so I felt better about paying this and moving on.

  2. This weekend I was involved in an accident. I was sitting at a red light. The light changed to a green arrow for me. No one was sitting across the road from me where they had a red light. As I proceeded to make the left turn a driver who did not see the red light ran the light and it me. My car is mostl likely totals due to air bag deploy and bent frame. Here is the problem… her insurance is blaming me also because I failed to see her coming and not stopping for the red light. I should not have proceeded and been more aware of my surroundings. What are your thoughts on the insurance company agent statements?

    • It’s not uncommon for insurance companies to press for at least “shared blame”. They won’t hesitate to blame you if it gives them an excuse to deny or reduce your compensation.

      There are always two versions to consider when it comes to these kinds of crashes. Meaning, the insurance agent may have a point – or he/she may not. I would suggest that you seek legal advice, depending on damages/injuries. They can tell you about the fault-sharing laws for your state.

  3. I was making a left turn at a red light with a green arrow and a truck turning right with a yield sign almost smashed me. Traffic both ways had a red light except the green arrow I had.
    Is it not his responsibility to yield as the sign states?

    • Basically, yes. But both drivers have an obligation to yield.

      In Georgia, the law says (for both green arrow and red signal): “Vehicular traffic shall yield the right of way to other traffic lawfully using the intersection”.

      Drivers facing the red signal may make a right turn but shall stop and remain stopped and yield the right of way to other traffic proceeding as directed by the signal at such intersection.

      In other words: the driver turning right and facing a red signal must stop and yield to all traffic close enough to constitute an immediate hazard and proceeding with a green signal. But if the driver turning right was already in the intersection, the driver turning with the green arrow must yield.

      Insurance companies often consider this a split-fault situation (shared fault).

      This answer assumes that the truck turned against a solid red signal, since there shouldn’t be a yield sign in place if the intersection is controlled by traffic lights.

  4. Green arrow other side red u turn on green see a car not stopping at there red light they are not in the intersection at the time of your green arrow there is no one but u turning in the intersection you try to stop to avoid a accident but he comes threw the crosswalk and slams into you head on no one informs you he was drunk even thought it shows in the police report he is sited for running a red and either drugs or alcohol were a factor the witnesses say you had a green and he ran the red but the officers lies on the report tells witness they are being paid to say they were there the police didn’t show up for two hrs later the witnesses told nationwide that you had a green arrow and already turning when the other driver blew threw the red light and hit you the witnesses leave cause they work give you there number and tell you they 2 I’ll make a report in the morning but the officers want them on the phone now after the officer hands u back your phone the witnesses tells you he is reporting that officer because he was not going to quote what you said but what he wants officer lies on report hides the fact the driver was drunk and your NATIONWIDE INSURANCE FAILS TO TELL ANYONE THEY ALREADY SPOKE TO THE WITNESS AT THE TIME OF THE ACCIDENT NO ONE TELLS YOU THAT YOU WERE HIT BY A DRUNK DRIVER UNTIL YOU GET A SUBPEONA BY THE COURT AND TELLS YOU YOUR THE VICTIM NATIONWIDE WAS ON THE DRUNKS SIDE

  5. When is it legal to drive drunk

  6. If I am turning left with a green arrow from a single left hand turn in the direction of the green arrow into a street with two lanes, is a driver making a right hand turn on the red light supposed to yield to me? Or put another way, can I turn into either lane legally?

    • As I see it, that’s two questions.

      1. Yes, a driver making a legal right turn must yield to other vehicles in the intersection that are close enough to be a hazard. Note that this does not give the right-of-way to a driver turning left.

      2. Can you turn into either lane? That depends on state. Some state laws says you must, whenever practicable, turn into in the extreme left-hand lane lawfully available to you. Alabama is one of those states (Section 32-5A-130)

  7. I turned right at an intersection with a green arrow where there was a sign and at that intersection it indicated “except right lane”.

    • Assuming this plaque was posted together with a “No Turn on Right” sign. If in Illinois, state law allows right turns on both circular red and red arrow – unless a sign prohibits such turn. So, if there are two lanes for right turns, local may have decided to add this plaque to allow turn on red from the rightmost lane, but not the other lane.

  8. Edward C VanDeWalker December 28, 2019 at 9:59 am

    I was in Henry County, Georgia. It was Christmas Eve, 8:27 P.M. so it was dark and all vehicles were operating with their headlights on. I was in the left turn lane about to turn left onto a paved four lane road..hwy 20. I would be making a right turn at the next light which was about a quarter mile up Hwy 20. I was the second car in the left turn lane sitting at a red light. Several moments later, the light changed to a left turn arrow for me. The on coming traffic had a red light. The car in front of me turned and I followed it, first grabbing the left hand lane ( but never establishing my car there) then proceeded to merge into the right lane. This move was all completed within ten yards of the intersection. All of a sudden I was hit on the passenger side front end by a vehicle that had been stopped at the red light. He apparently turned on the red light and hit me. No injuries but damage to both cars. He was driving his mothers car. He apologized to both me and my wife saying the accident was his fault. However, once the police came and kept us all waiting for at least 20 minutes, the police decided to issue me the ticket for improper lane change/usage. I was somewhat flabbergasted as the other driver admitted fault. I claimed the I hadn’t even completely finished my turn when the other driver ran into me. I would be interested in your opinion. Should I fight this, or just pony up the ticket and insurance costs. I have been with Geico for 20 years and have never filed any claim before. I have a 500 dollar deductible. Thanks for your time and thoughts.

    • Georgia state law (left turns):

      The article states: “Whenever practicable, the left turn shall be made to the left of the center of the intersection and so as to exit the intersection or other location in the extreme left-hand lane lawfully available to traffic moving in the same direction as the turning vehicle on the roadway being entered.”

      Georgia state law (about lane change):

      Some of the keywords in this article: you may not change lane until “such movement can be made with reasonable safety” and you must give “timely signal”.

      To start with, there are many factors that come into play. Speed, signaling, and exactly where the crash occurred etc. So, you would probably get the best answer from a lawyer who specializes in car accidents and who can review all facts.

      But if you didn’t exit the intersection into the left lane (“never establishing my car there”) and instead immediately moved into the right lane, one could argue that the movement wasn’t made with reasonable safety.

      Which is what the officer did.

      Probably focusing much on where you were hit (passenger side front end)

  9. I consistently get confused by solid green traffic lights following a lapsed green arrow when making a left turn. If you go to turn left and you miss the green arrow, and then the soIid green appears, can you still make a left on the solid green light? If there is incoming traffic, it strikes me as a judgment call trying to guess their intention when I make go to make the left turn. I am concerned they’ll start out, too, and I will slam right into them. But if I wait to see what they do, the guy in back of time honks or worse, whizzes by me. I do t feel I can win.

  10. I consistently get confused by solid green traffic lights following a lapsed green arrow when making a left turn. If you go to turn left and you miss the green arrow, and then the soIid green appears, can you still make a left on the solid green light? If there is oncoming traffic, it strikes me as a judgment call trying to guess their intention when I make go to make the left turn. I am concerned they’ll start out, too, and I will slam right into them. But if I wait to see what they do, the guy in back of me honks or worse, whizzes by me. I don’t feel I can win.

    • If you have entered the intersection on the green arrow, drivers from the opposite direction must yield to you – even when they get the solid green.

      If you haven’t entered the intersection, you must yield to oncoming traffic. You may go with the solid green when way is clear.

      So, it basically boils down to if you have started to turn or not when the light changes from the green arrow to a solid green.

  11. Thank you

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